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SBI PO Mains English Language Quiz 5

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SBI PO Mains English Language Quiz 5

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English Knowledge is an important section in the employment-related competitive exams in India. In particular, exams like SBI, IBPS and other bank-related employment exams have English Language questions along with Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude. The English Language section primarily has questions related to Reading Comprehension, Cloze Test, Fill in the Blanks, Error Spotting, Grammar, Sentence Improvement, etc. This article presents the SBI PO Mains English Language Quiz 5 sample questions and answers.

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Directions (1Q - 2Q): Read the following paragraph and answer the below mentioned questions.
India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution has been widely hailed as a significant next step for not only meeting the country’s domestic development goals but its international commitments to combating climate crises as well. Submitted to the UN for the period 2021 to 2030, it promises to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030, from its 2005 level. This is half of what China has declared (60-65 percent) and a few notches higher than the target set by the US (26-28 percent).
Why has India, which is low in terms of its cumulative global emissions and per capita emission in comparison to both China and the US, set such high targets? Is it an exercise in global climate diplomacy or an astute move to garner global funds for technology transfer and capacity-building support to achieve the targets? For it to deliver on the promised commitments, the country would need no less than $2.5 trillion over the next decade or so.
At 2.44 tonnes per capita, India may be at the bottom of the current list of leading emitters, but the promised emission targets will bequeath it with per capita emission of 8.98 tonnes in 2030, far below the projected per capita emissions of 12 tonnes by China and the US, but some three times more than the present. No wonder these targets by the top polluters — including India — aren’t significant enough to deal with the climate crisis, as they are more than what is required in order to limit global temperature rise by 2°C.
In reality, there has been a need to cut emissions to the tune of 70 percent below the 2010 levels by 2050, if the world is to be on the path to restrict the increase in temperature. However, the emissions sum-game played by the leading emitters has polarised the global climate negotiations. By entering into an agreement whereby China would match its emissions with that of the US in 2030, carbon space has been conveniently appropriated. This leaves a lot to speculate about the role of corporations in the deal.
No wonder, to satisfy their energy demands in the face of lopsided economic growth, the developing countries have promised emission targets that seem carbon-friendly on paper but not on the ground. India’s intention to achieve 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from renewable sources alongside creating an additional carbon dioxide sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes through additional tree cover by 2030, can be read in that light. It will only fuel per capita emission some three times by 2030.
With India considering both hydro and nuclear power to be environmentally benign, good intentions may get lost in smoke. Since coal continues to find favor as the dominant source of energy followed by hydro and nuclear power, the proposed green energy alternatives will hardly get the desired push. Thermal power contribution to India’s installed capacity is unlikely to change from the present 60 percent; energy contribution from hydropower is projected to double and nuclear power some six times from the presently installed capacities. This can only trigger three times more per capita emissions. Globally, coal-based power provides 40 per cent electricity, and China emits one-third of the global carbon dioxide on account of its coal consumption. India is the second largest coal consumer after China, which is responsible for 1.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per person per year. The question is whether clean coal technologies will deliver on the promise to cut down on carbon dioxide emissions. Even if it does, the destruction of forests and habitats will release carbon dioxide.
With INDC focused predominantly on emissions reduction, social and environmental issues get pushed to the periphery. That thermal, hydro and nuclear projects cause environmental destruction, deforestation and large-scale displacement doesn’t get counted in the emissions scenario. The premise of ‘coal-cess’ and ‘compensatory afforestation’ offer a trade-off: first sacrifice environmental concerns for development projects, and then invest funds thus generated in creating carbon sinks.
Q1. According to the author, what will hardly get the desired push?
    A. Carbon dioxide emissions B. Green energy alternatives C. Emission targets of countries D. Environmental concerns for development projects E. None of these

Answer - Option B
Explanation - Green energy alternatives
Q2. What is the central theme of the passage?
    A. Climate changes and its effects B. Causes of Global worming C. Climate crisis D. Climate changes E. None of these

Answer - Option C
Explanation - Climate crisis
Directions (3Q - 4Q): In each of the following sentences , there are two blank spaces. Below each sentence there are four words denoted by A, B, C, D . Find out one word that is to be fitted in both the sentences I AND II to make it meaningful.
Q3. I. He will _____ his allegiance to the king. II. But there are passions of which a man cannot rid himself, seeing that they are born with him at his birth, and he has no power to ________ them.
    A. lousy B. abjure C. rotten D. adhere E. None of the above

Answer - Option B
Explanation - Abjure- renounce upon oath; abandon forever
Q4. I. Diane tried to ______ her father into letting her drive the family car. II. He stooped to the evil of hypocrisy with others, sceptical of their innocence which he could ______ so easily.
    A. cajole B. fusty C. loathsome D. irksome E. None of the above

Answer - Option A
Explanation - Cajole- influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering
Directions (5Q): Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold.
Q5. Auspicious
    A. Religious B. Lucky C. Fulfilling D. Charming E. Normal

Answer - Option A
Explanation - Religious
Directions (1Q - 2Q): Read the following paragraph and answer the below mentioned questions.
The Sun, while going on his daily rounds saw a princess and fell in love with her. Whenever he could slip away from the heavens he would take human form and go down to the princess to spend some time with her. The princess too became quite fond of him and would wait for him to come. One day the Sun decided to send her a blood-red ruby as a token of his love for her. He put the gem in a silk bag, and calling a crow that was flying past, asked the bird to deliver the gem to his beloved. Crows had milky white feathers in those days and it was considered auspicious if a crow came anywhere near you. So the Sun was pleased that he had found a crow to deliver the gem. As the crow sped through the sky with the silken bag, the aroma of food lured him. Looking down the crow saw that a wedding feast was in progress, and immediately it was distracted from its mission. Food was one thing it could never resist!
Alighting on a tree nearby, it hung the bag on a twig and went off to find some food. While the crow was feasting, a merchant passing by saw the bag on the tree and knocked it down with a pole. When he opened the bag and saw its contents he almost swooned in joy. Quickly pocketing the ruby, he filled the bag with dry cow dung that was lying there, and then deftly returned the bag to the branch. It was all done so quickly that the crow missed all the action. After having its fill, it flew up to the tree and picking up the bag took it to the person it was intended for. The princess was in the garden. When the crow gave her the bag, she took it eagerly, knowing that it was from the Sun. But when she saw its contents she reeled back in shock and anger. Believing that it was the Sun’s way of telling her that he did not care for her, she flung the bag away, rushed to her palace, and never came out again. When the Sun learned of what had happened he was furious.
So great was his anger that when he turned his scorching gaze on the crow, its feathers were burned black. Its feathers have been black ever since. The ruby did not stay with the man who stole it. It fell out of his pocket and rolled into a deep pit. Men have been trying to dig it out ever since. Many precious stones have been found in the process, making Myanmar one of the richest sources of rubies and sapphires, but the ruby that the Sun sent to the princess is yet to be found.
Q1. What did the Sun send for the princess as a token of his love ?
    A. He sent her the crow B. He sent her dry cow dung C. He sent her a red ruby D. He gifted her the city of Myanmar E. None of these

Answer - Option C
Explanation - He sent her a red ruby
Q2. What could be an appropriate title for the story ?
    A. The Careless Black Crow B. Myanmar and its Mineral Riches C. The Sun and the Princess D. The Depressed Princess E. The Sun and the Ruby

Answer - Option C
Explanation - The Sun and the Princess
Directions (3Q - 4Q): Read the following paragraph which is Error Spotting and answer the below mentioned questions.
Q3. Perhaps one way in which to see the / difference among the two is to / borrow an analogy from the / realm of entrepreneurial enterprise.
    A. Perhaps one way in which to see the B. difference among the two is to C. borrow an analogy from the D. realm of entrepreneurial enterprise. E. No error

Answer - Option B
Explanation - Replace ‘among’ with ‘between‘
between – at, into, or across the space separating (two objects or regions).
Q4. No court will ban bad tea either, even / though the judges pass through those / airports and see the injustice happen / in front of their eye every day.
    A. No court will ban bad tea either, even B. though the judges pass through those C. airports and see the injustice happen D. in front of their eye every day. E. No error

Answer - Option D
Explanation - Replace ‘eye’ with ‘eyes’
their + plural noun.
Directions (5Q): Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold.
Q5. Scorching
    A. Cool B. Heated C. Warm D. Silent E. Composed

Answer - Option A
Explanation - Opposite of become burnt when exposed to heat or a flame - Cool
Directions (1Q - 2Q): Read the following paragraph which is Cloze test and answer the below mentioned questions.
India got its law on “scandalizing the court” from England. One of the earliest such cases decided there was R v. Almon (1765). A publisher in Piccadilly, London, had printed a which accused Chief Justice Mansfield of acting “officiously, arbitrarily, and illegally”. He was (1) up for contempt of court. Justice Wilmot held that courts would lose all their authority if people were told that “Judges at their Chambers make Orders or Rules corruptly”. The purpose of the law of contempt, said Justice Wilmot, was “to keep an of glory” around judges.
However, the doctrine of scandalizing the court was used very in England thereafter. In a case decided in 1968, Lord Denning said that contempt of court must not be used to protect the dignity of courts, because “that must rest on surer foundations”. In 1974, the Phillimore Committee wrote in its report that most scandalous attacks against judges were best ignored because they usually came from “disappointed or their friends” and to initiate proceedings against them would “(2) give them greater publicity”. In 2012, the Law Commission there found that though there was a lot of abusive material directed against English judges, particularly online, much of it was “too silly” to be taken seriously. It was also noted that judges had successfully used civil defamation laws, instead of court, to penalize. For example, in 1992, Justice Popplewell succeeded in a defamation suit which he filed against the Today newspaper which had insinuated that he had fallen asleep during a murder trial. Eventually, in 2013, England the offense of scandalizing the court altogether.
Likewise, courts in the U.S. do not have the power to punish anyone for scandalizing the court. In Bridges v. California (1941), Justice Felix Frankfurter of the U.S. Supreme Court called the doctrine of “scandalizing the court” an example of English “foolishness”. In another case, Justice William O. Douglas wrote that judges are supposed to be “men of fortitude, able to thrive in a hardy climate”, who should be able to shrug off contemptuous statements.
    A. elocution B. locution C. idiom D. lingo E. hauled

Answer - Option E
Explanation - hauled
    A. confirm B. merely C. helper D. adorned E. decorated

Answer - Option B
Explanation - merely
Directions (3Q - 4Q): Rearrange the following sentences in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph then answer the following questions.
  • A. Likewise, the Delphi and nuTonomy driverless taxi services in Singapore have started to replace taxi drivers.
  • B. The idea of a tax on robots was raised last May in a draft report to the European Parliament prepared by MEP Mady Delvaux from the Committee on Legal Affairs.
  • C. And Doordash, which uses Starship Technologies miniature self-driving vehicles, is replacing restaurant delivery people.
  • D. The public reaction to Delvaux’s proposal has been overwhelmingly negative, with the notable exception of Bill Gates, who endorsed it.
  • E. But we should not dismiss the idea out of hand, In just the past year, we have seen the proliferation of devices such as Google Home and Amazon Echo Dot (Alexa), which replace some aspects of household help.
  • F. Emphasizing how robots could boost inequality, the report proposed that there might be a “need to introduce corporate reporting requirements on the extent and proportion of the contribution of robotics and AI to the economic results of a company for the purpose of taxation and social security contributions.”

Q3. Which is the Fifth sentence after Rearrangement?
    A. B B. A C. C D. E E. F

Answer - Option B
Explanation - The Correct Sequence is BFDEA
Q4. Which is the Third sentence after Rearrangement?
    A. A B. C C. D D. B E. E

Answer - Option C
Explanation - The Correct Sequence is BFDEA
Q5. ‘Engineer’ is related to ‘Machine’ in the same way as ‘Doctor’ is related to
    A. Body B. Medicine C. Disease D. Hospital E. None of these

Answer - Option C
Explanation - Disease

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