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EPFO Assistant Prelims English Quiz 4

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EPFO Assistant Prelims English Quiz 4

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English Knowledge is an important section in the employment-related competitive exams in India. In particular, exams like SBI, IBPS and other bank-related employment exams have English Language questions along with Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude. The English Language section primarily has questions related to Reading Comprehension, Cloze Test, Fill in the Blanks, Error Spotting, Grammar, Sentence Improvement, etc. This article presents the EPFO Assistant Prelims English Quiz 4 sample questions and answers. The Online Preliminary examination is scheduled to be conducted on 30[latex]^{th}[/latex] & 31[latex]^{st}[/latex] July, 2019.

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Directions (1Q - 3Q): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain parts are given in bold to answer some of the questions based on the passage.
Business law skill sets can greatly complement the network built and sectoral expertise acquired over years of working with the government. Due to the vast exposure and domain expertise gathered over years of working with the government, several unique career opportunities emerge for civil servants, ranging from being an in-house consultant, an advisor or entrepreneur (as explained below), which they can capitalize on within a few years of starting work itself or after retirement (whether it is after VRS or post superannuation). For example, engineers who have worked for the government or who have worked as officers of PSUs can become extremely sought-after business consultants if they possess an understanding of business laws, commercial agreements and regulations, apart from technical knowledge.
Another feasible option is to work as a business consultant who understands his or her own field and on-ground aspects of how the law applies to it. The market has a huge demand for such engineers. For these purposes, having practical legal skills is an added advantage. These skills can be acquired through prior experience, which has its own monetary and time costs or by pursuing a systematic course such as this: Diploma in Entrepreneurship Administration and Business Law. Government officers are known to wear different kinds of hats for private businesses – whether it is lobbying with the government for a beneficial policy for organizations operating in a particular sector (e.g. the hotels and hospitality industry or the IT sector), operating as financial or tax consultants or working as advisors on regulatory issues (such as competition, securities or tax issues), or working at the country’s best management consultancies (such as BCG or McKinsey), law firms, accountancy firms or as in-house advisors for companies. Some government officers even become independent consultants to private businesses and start a service business of their own based on such experience. These positions are very lucrative, but require a sound understanding of how commercial arrangements and regulatory laws work.
I know of civil servants who started law firms which are top-rated in their area of practice. For example, one of India’s most famous boutique competition law firms, K.K. Sharma Law Offices, was set up by an Indian Revenue Service officer who served the government for two decades. Similarly, many government officers have started their own businesses – recall that Air Deccan, the famous airline which first started price-wars in the airline industry, was founded by Captain Gopinath, who served the Indian Army. Similarly Ascent Capital, an extremely renowned private equity fund with investments in technology, power, finance, and infrastructure space, was founded by a government official who worked with the revenue department and then with SEBI. Similarly, I know of several army officers who have started their own private security agencies.
Q1. Which of the following is the central theme of the passage?
    A. Entrepreneurship, an opportunity for government officers. B. What is the demand of Governments PSUs. C. Business consultancy, entrepreneurship and new career opportunities D. What is the difference between Government sector and private sector. E. None of these

Answer - Option C
Explanation - Business consultancy, entrepreneurship and new career opportunities
Q2. Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word 'Renowned' as used in the passage?
    A. Outsider B. Finished C. Interloper D. Known E. Concluded

Answer - Option D
Explanation - known
Q3. According to the passage, what is the huge demand of Market ?
    A. Private business consultants. B. Highly experienced Engineers. C. Highly qualified government officials. D. Market has huge demand for such engineers who are proficient in their field. E. None of these

Answer - Option D
Explanation - Market has huge demand for such engineers who are proficient in their field.
Directions (4Q - 5Q): Read the following questions which are SENTENCE FILLERS and answer them below.
Q4. Contrary to popular belief, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had ___________ to the July 1969 nationalisation not as an instrument necessary to achieve social goals but as a weapon to sack her political ___________, then finance minister Morarji Desai.
    A. grubby, perceptible B. littered, madden C. ending, frenzy D. resorted, rival E. dried, disarrange

Answer - Option D
Explanation - resorted – turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation.
rival – a person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity.
Q5. Armed with the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Act, 2017 and ___________ authorisation by the government, RBI has issued definitive directions to banks for time-bound resolution of stressed assets including through the ___________ and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016.
    A. disordered , monstrousness B. disorganized, offensiveness C. merciless, disturb D. intense, discommode E. subsequent, Insolvency

Answer - Option E
Explanation - subsequent – coming after something in time; following.
Insolvency – the state of being insolvent.
Directions (1Q - 2Q): Read the following questions which are SPOTTING ERRORS and answer them below.
Q1. If you think government is not capable of managing / hospitals look at Jayadeva Institute of Cardiac / Sciences Bangalore, UN Mehta Heart Institute Ahmedabad / and ILBS Delhi which made India proud.
    A. If you think government is not capable of managing B. hospitals look at Jayadeva Institute of Cardiac C. Sciences Bangalore, UN Mehta Heart Institute Ahmedabad D. and ILBS Delhi which made India proud. E. No error

Answer - Option D
Explanation - Replace ‘made’ with ‘make’
Q2. Instead of finding a scapegoat, / let us look at how India’s / broken public health / system could be mended.
    A. Instead of finding a scapegoat, B. let us look at how India’s C. broken public health D. system could be mended. E. No error

Answer - Option D
Explanation - Replace ‘could’ with ‘can’
Directions (3Q - 4Q): Read the following questions which are ClOZE TEST and answer them below.
With doctors prescribing unnecessary vaccines to children and making hefty profits on this making news, it has been alleged that the Indian Academy of Pediatrics is being by the vaccine industry to promote vaccines in an unethical manner.
Doctors and professional bodies have instead raised concerns that such ‘untrue’ stories make communities lose confidence in immunization programs, threatening the (3) of vaccine diseases. A better understanding of decisions regarding the use of vaccines is required at community, media and policymakers’ levels so that blame, if any, is laid at the right quarters.
Recommendations for vaccine use can be in the following categories: government includes it in its national program and provides it free of cost; government recommends it but does not provide it; government does not recommend it but doctors are free to make their decisions, and finally the recommendation that the vaccine is not to be given. In the last case, usually, licenses are not given for sale in the country.
Every decision in life is in effect a cost-benefit decision. So we compare the cost of being to its benefit. Cost of vaccine includes not just the cost of the dose but also the cost of the vaccine, including the costs of the cold chain and injections. Benefit is seen in terms of disease (4). Major considerations here are the risk and of the disease being prevented and the effectiveness of the vaccine in preventing it. The fact that benefits occur in an unseen, future complicates this equation. While communities usually have some idea of the disease, the risk is quite variable and is often shown as higher than real to promote vaccine use.
    A. outbreak B. incapacity C. figure D. conjure up E. conceptualize

Answer - Option A
Explanation - outbreak – a sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease.
    A. eavesdrop B. auscultate C. ambiversive D. averted E. invent

Answer - Option D
Explanation - averted – turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).
Directions (5Q): Read the following questions which are ANTONYMS and answer them below.
Q5. Curtail
    A. resume B. perpetuate C. protract D. convinced E. None of these

Answer - Option A
Explanation - Curtail – reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
resume – begin again or continue after a pause or interruption.
Directions (1Q - 3Q): Rearrange the following sentences in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph then answer the following questions.
    A. So you have to trek to the bank to collect it after they have sneeringly informed you and then cart it across to the company or person who gave it to you and asks for a replacement because you know what, my friend, you erred grievously and I am suffering for your error. B. It happens, your friendly neighborhood bank will reject a cheque that you have credited to your account because the date is wrong or the signature does not tally, some silly technical hitch that messes up your budget plans. C. Now, there exists in all accounts departments some sort of profound resistance to making out a second cheque for a singular work done. D. They take you are returning it and asking for a fresh one as a personal affront. E. Now, you are up to the creek and it isn’t as if it bounced but there is no moolah coming. F. That it is entirely their mess is a minor infringement they do not take into consideration.

Q1. Which is the Fourth sentence after Rearrangement?
    A. E B. F C. C D. G E. A

Answer - Option C
Explanation - The Correct Sequence is BEACFD
Q2. Which is the First sentence after Rearrangement?
    A. F B. A C. E D. B E. C

Answer - Option D
Explanation - The Correct Sequence is BEACFD
Q3. Which is the Third sentence after Rearrangement?
    A. A B. B C. D D. E E. C

Answer - Option A
Explanation - The Correct Sequence is BEACFD
Directions (4Q - 5Q): In each of the following questions, one phrase has been given and it has been followed by four sentences. And answer them.
Q4. Window shopping
    A. Keep away B. Joy and sorrow C. goods displayed D. Excellent service E. None of these

Answer - Option C
Explanation - Window shopping – To look at the goods displayed but not for buying
Q5. To go for the juggler
    A. appointment B. Sluggishly C. Assessment D. destructive E. None of these

Answer - Option D
Explanation - To go for the juggler – To make a destructive attack

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