Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.
A sanctuary may be defined as a place where Man is passive and the rest of Nature active. Till quite recently Nature had her own sanctuaries, where man either did not go at all or only as a tool-using animal in comparatively small numbers. But now, in this machinery age, there is no place left where a man cannot go with overwhelming forces at his command. He can strangle to death all the nobler wildlife in the world today. To-morrow he certainly will have done so, unless he exercises due foresight and self-control in the meantime.
There is not the slightest doubt that birds and mammals are now being killed off much faster than they can breed. And it is always the largest and noblest form of life that suffers most. The whales and elephants, lions and eagles, go. The rats and flies and all mean parasites remain. This is inevitable in certain cases. But it is wanton killing off that I am speaking of tonight. The civilized man begins by destroying the very forms of wildlife he learns to appreciate most when he becomes still more civilized. The obvious remedy is to begin conservation at an earlier stage, when it is easier and better in every way, by enforcing laws for close seasons, game preserves, the selective protection of certain species, and sanctuaries.
I have just defined a sanctuary as a place where man is passive and the rest of Nature active. But this general definition is too absolute for any special case. The mere fact that man has to protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude. Then, he can be beneficially active by destroying pests and parasites, like bot-flies or mosquitoes, and by finding antidotes for diseases like the epidemic which periodically kills off the rabbits and thus starves many of the carnivores to death. But, except in cases where the experiment has proved his intervention to be beneficial, the less he upsets the balance of Nature the better, even when he tries to be an earthly Providence.
Q1. Does the author imply that his first definition of a sanctuary is?
A. Too relative
C. Too submissive
According to the passage the author has used ‘too absolute’ for describing his previous definition of sanctuaries. Considering the options only ‘unadulterated’ means the same as ‘too absolute’.
Q2. According to the passage, what can man do in the machinery age?
A. There is no place left where man cannot go with overwhelming forces at his command.
B. He cannot build sanctuaries for birds and animals.
C. He can strangle to death all the nobler wild life in the world to-day.
D. Both B and C
E. Both A and C
Refer to paragraph 1 in the passage. ‘But now, in this machinery age, there is no place left where man cannot go with overwhelming forces at his command. He can strangle to death all the nobler wild life in the world to-day.’
Q3. What should be the most appropriate central idea of this passage?
A. Author argues that man kills big animals but saves mosquitoes & other parasites.
B. In view of the author man should not intervene in natural environments.
C. Man is selfish by nature so he is up against the wildlife which is harmful to his survival.
D. Ecological balance, if not maintained by man will be harmful in the long run.
E. Author proposes a program for not disturbing the balance of nature as it is beneficial for mankind.
The central idea of the passage is Ecological balance, if not maintained by man will be harmful in long run.
Q4. The tone of the Author as expressed in the passage can be best described as?
B. Sarcastically critical
D. Both B and C
E. All A, B, and C
Considering all the paragraphs, the tone of the passage is sarcastically critical and suggestive as well. ‘Sarcastically critical’ means to have a critical tone but at the same time being sarcastic.
Q5. Why has man become active in his nature rather than being passive like before in preserving sanctuaries?
A. Fact that man has to protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude.
B. Fact that man has to destroy pests does away with his purely passive attitude.
C. Fact that man has to find antidotes for diseases makes him active.
D. Fact that man has to kill rabbits makes him active.
E. None of the above
Refer paragraph 3 of the passage. ‘The mere fact that man has to protect a sanctuary does away with his purely passive attitude.’