Rules and Tips While Using Nouns
As simple as nouns may seem, there are certain rules that need to be followed for the use of nouns in sentences.
: Some nouns always exist in plural forms. Thus‘s’ cannot be removed from them to make them singular words.
: tongs, scissors, trousers, troops, gallops.
- I have bought a pair of earrings.
- My mother uses tongs while making chapattis.
: There are certain words that despite being in the plural form are treated like singular words. These words take the help of singular helping verbs.
: news, mathematics, athletics, politics, and physics, to name a few.
- Athletics is a field chosen only by the few people.
- Physics is a very boring subject.
: There are certain words which seem plural in meaning but are singular in the form. They take the help of plural verb.
: cattle, infantry, children and police.
- The cattle are grazing in the field.
- The children are playing in the ground.
: Uncountable nouns take the help of singular verbs. Uncountable nouns are always used as singular form.
: pottery, percentage, news, dirt, dust, traffic, music etc.
- She has colored her hair red.
- The scenery of Srinagar has captivated us.
: There are few words that are treated the same irrespective of their singular or plural form.
: crew, family, team, jury, carp, aircraft, swine, counsel etc.
- A sheep is sleeping.
- Two sheep are sleeping.
: If a definite numeral adjective is added before the noun, they will assume the singular form.
: pair, score, million, trillion, dozen etc.
- She has five hundred rupees only.
- Mr. Mehta donated two million rupees to the NGO.
: If there is a preposition between two same nouns, then the noun should take the singular form.
- Child after child was arriving.
: There are few words which are used for male and female both. These are called dual genders. So words like his, him, he are to be used.
Plural Noun Rules
- Every student was doing his own task individually.
- The teacher must treat all his students equally.
1. Add ‘S
’ to make normal nouns plural.
2. To make a singular noun ending with ‘s
’ or ‘z
’ plural add ‘es
’ to it.
- Kiss- Kisses
- Boss- Bosses
3. Some words that end with ‘s
’ or ‘z
’, require that the writer must double the ‘s
’ or ‘z
’ and include ‘es
‘ to make it plural.
- Quiz- Quizzes
- Gas- Gasses
4. Words ending with ‘f
’ or ‘fe
’ must be changed to ‘ve
’ before making them plural form.
- Wolf- Wolves
- Half- Halves
1. If a word ending with ‘y
’ and the letter prior to 'y
' is a consonant, then ‘ies
’ should be added to make it plural.
- Marry- Marries
- Fancy- Fancies
2. If a word ends with 'y
' and the letter prior to it is a vowel, then it can be made plural by adding ‘s
- Portray- Portrays
- Pray- Prays
3. If a word ends with ‘o
’ add ‘es
’ to make it plural.
- Do- Does
- Volcano- Volcanoes
4. If a word ends with ‘us
’, it can be made plural by adding just ‘I
- Syllabus- Syllabi
- Bronchus- Bronchi
5. A word ending in ‘is
’ can be made plural by adding ‘es
6. If a word ends in ‘on
’, it can be made plural by adding ‘a
’ to it.
7. Some words remain the same irrespective of singular or plural form.
Rules for Irregular Nouns
There are no set rules for irregular nouns. So just memorize these for their usage.
Hope you understood the topic and enjoy using nouns in your everyday life.