# Statement Conclusion Practice Quiz 2

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# Statement Conclusion Practice Quiz 2

### Introduction

Statement and Conclusion questions, a part of logical reasoning section, basically consist a paragraph/statement/passage. By reading the statement/passage carefully the candidates have to decide what is inferred by the passage. These are basically designed to test the candidate’s ability to interpret a statement. Statement Conclusion Practice Quiz 2 lists some of the practice questions for students understanding of the topic called Statement and Conclusions.
The questions in this part comprise of a statement or an arrangement of statements, followed by specific deductions taking into account the facts contained in the given statements. The candidate is required to break down the given statements, understand their direct/indirect implications and after that choose which of the given conclusions takes after sensibly and without a doubt, from the given statements.

### Quiz

Direction (1 - 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
(A) If only conclusion I follows (B) If only conclusion II follows (C) If either I or II follows (D) If neither I nor II follows and (E) If both I and II follow.
1. Statements: In a one day cricket match, the total runs made by a team were 200. Out of these 160 runs were made by spinners. Conclusions: I. 80% of the team consists of spinners. II. The opening batsmen were spinners.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, 80% of the total runs were made by spinners. So, I does not follow. Nothing about the opening batsmen is mentioned in the statement. So, II also does not follow.
2. Statements: The old order changed yielding place to new. Conclusions: I. Change is the law of nature. II. Discard old ideas because they are old.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow.
3. Statements: Government has spoiled many top ranking financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors of these institutions. Conclusions: I. Government should appoint Directors of the financial institutes taking into consideration the expertise of the person in the area of finance. II. The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as Directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both I and II follow.
4. Statements: Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come. Conclusions: I. The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future. II. It will be very difficult for the governments of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus, II follows.
5. Statements: Prime age school-going children in urban India have now become avid as well as more regular viewers of television, even in households without a TV. As a result there has been an alarming decline in the extent of readership of newspapers. Conclusions: I. Method of increasing the readership of newspapers should be devised. II. A team of experts should be sent to other countries to study the impact of TV. on the readership of newspapers.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
The statement concentrates on the increasing viewership of TV. and does not stress either on increasing the readership of newspapers or making studies regarding the same. So, neither I nor II follows.
Direction (1 - 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
(A) If only conclusion I follows (B) If only conclusion II follows (C) If either I or II follows (D) If neither I nor II follows and (E) If both I and II follow.
1. Statements: In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed - the rate of bowel cancer increases but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition - the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan. Conclusions: I. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also. II. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.
2. Statements: The Government run company had asked its employees to declare their income and assets but it has been strongly resisted by employees union and no employee is going to declare his income. Conclusions: I. The employees of this company do not seem to have any additional undisclosed income besides their salary. II. The employees union wants all senior officers to declare their income first
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
Nothing about the details of the employees' income or the cause of their refusal to declare their income and assets, can be deduced from the given statement. So, neither I nor II follows.
3. Statements: Monitoring has become an integral part in the planning of social development programmes. It is recommended that Management Information System be developed for all programmes. This is likely to give a feedback on the performance of the functionaries and the efficacy with which services are being delivered. Conclusions: I. All the social development programmes should be evaluated. II. There is a need to monitor the performance of workers.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, monitoring and evaluation of social development programmes - their function, performance and efficiency - is absolutely essential. So, both I and II follow.
4. Statements: The T.V. programmes, telecast specially for women are packed with a variety of recipes and household hints. A major portion of magazines for women also contains the items mentioned above. Conclusions: I. Women are not interested in other things. II. An average woman's primary interest lies in home and specially in the kitchen.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
Clearly, nothing about 'other things' is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow, Also, since it is mentioned that programmes and magazines for women are stuffed with kitchen recipes and other household hints, it means that women have special interest in these areas. So, II follows.
5. Statements: The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 7.92 crores per annum on fuel. Conclusions: I. Transportation by sea is cheaper than that by road. II. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extent
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, sea transport is cheaper than road transport in the case of route from Bombay to Jafra, not in all the cases. So, conclusion I does not follow. The statement stresses on the saving of fuel. So, conclusion II follows.
Direction (1 - 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
(A) If only conclusion I follows (B) If only conclusion II follows (C) If either I or II follows (D) If neither I nor II follows and (E) If both I and II follow.
1. Statements: The manager humiliated Sachin in the presence of his colleagues. Conclusions: I. The manager did not like Sachin. II. Sachin was not popular with his colleagues.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
The manager might have humiliated Sachin not because of his dislike but on account of certain negligence or mistake on his part. So, I does not follow. Also, nothing about Sachin's rapport with his colleagues can be deduced from the statement. So, II also does not follow.
2. Statements: Women's organisations in India have welcomed the amendment of the Industrial Employment Rules 1946 to curb sexual harassment at the work place. Conclusions: I. Sexual harassment of women at work place is more prevalent in India as compared to other developed countries. II. Many organisations in India will stop recruiting women to avoid such problems.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
The fact that a certain rule has been more welcomed in a certain country does not imply that the problem is more prevalent there. So, I does not follow. Also, the amendment seeks to discourage only sexual harassment of women and shall in no way discourage employment of women. So, II also does not follow.
3. Statements: Nation X faced growing international opposition for its decision to explode eight nuclear weapons at its test site. Conclusions: I. The citizens of the nation favored the decision. II. Some powerful countries do not want other nations to become as powerful as they are.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation - Neither the citizens response to the decision nor the reason for opposition by other nations can be deduced from the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.
4. Statements: In a highly centralised power structure, in which even senior cabinet ministers are prepared to reduce themselves to pathetic countries or yesmen airing views that are primarily intended to anticipate or reflect the Prime Minister's own performances, there can be no place for any consensus that is quite different from real or contrived unanimity of opinion, expressed through a well orchestrated endorsement of the leader's actions. Conclusions: I. The Ministers play safe by not giving anti-government views. II. The Prime Minister does not encourage his colleagues to render their own views.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, even senior cabinet ministers are always ready to conform to the Prime Minister's views. So, I follows. However, II contradicts the given statement and so does not follow.
5. Statements: National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage to self-sufficiency in the metal. Conclusions: I. Previously, India had to import aluminium. II. With this speed, it can soon become a foreign exchange earner.
A. Only conclusion I follows B. Only conclusion II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Explanation -
According to the statement, National Aluminium Company has moved India from a position of shortage in the past to self-sufficiency in the present. This means that previously, India had to import aluminium. So, I follows. Also, it can be deduced that if production increases at the same rate, India can export it in future. So, II also follows.

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