IBPS Clerk Prelims Reasoning Practice Sets

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IBPS Clerk Prelims Reasoning Practice Sets

Introduction

Reasoning is an important section in the employment related competitive exams in India. In particular, exams like IBPS, SBI and other bank related employment exams have Reasoning questions along with Quantitative Aptitude. The Reasoning section primarily has questions related to the Syllogism, Directions, and Inequality , etc. This article presents IBPS Clerk Prelims Reasoning Practice Sets for acing the IBPS Clerk Prelims Examination.

Reasoning

Syllogism:
Directions for Questions (1 – 3): In each question below are three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements.
1. Statements -
Some cycles are bikes.
All bikes are auto.
All auto are cars.
Conclusions -
I - Some cars are cycles.
II - All bikes are cars.
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: According to the diagram if both conclusion I and II follows.

2. Statements -
Some apple are mango.
Some mango are grapes.
Some grape are orange.
Conclusions -
I - Some mango are orange.
II – No mango is orange.
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: According to the diagram, if either conclusion I or II follows. Because both I and II are complimentary pairs.

3. Statements -
All paper are page.
All page are file.
All file are data.
Conclusions -
I - Some data are paper.
II – Some page are data.
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: According to the diagram if both conclusion I and II follows.

Directions:
Directions for Questions (4 – 5): Study the given information carefully and answer the question given below: A walked 20m toward west, took left turn and walked 25m. He took a right turn and walked 10m. He again took a right turn and walked 25m.
4. In which direction was he moving now?
A. North B. North-East C. South D. West E. East

Solution:

He was now moving in north direction.
5. How far was he from the starting point?
A. 15m B. 20m C. 30m D. 25m E. 18m

Solution:

Distance AE = AB + DC
AE = 20 + 10 = 30m
Inequality:
Directions for Questions (6 – 10): In each of the following questions, assuming the given statement to be true, find which of the following two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true. Give answer:
6. Statements -
Raj > Shyam > Kishor ≥ Sonu, Raj = Monu, Raj ≤ Dev
Conclusions -
I - Monu ≥ Kishor
II – Dev > Shyam
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: Monu = Raj > Shyam > Kishor ≥ Sonu, Raj = Monu, Raj ≤ Dev ≥ Raj > Shyam > Kishor ≥ Sonu
According to the statement, if both I and II are true. Because from conclusion I
Monu > Kishor , therefore conclusion I is true and in conclusion II
Dev > Shyam, therefore conclusion II is true.
7. Statements -
Vineet ≥ Gaurav, Devu ≤ Golu, Gaurav = Golu
Conclusions -
I - Vineet ≥ Golu
II – Gaurav > Golu
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: Vineet ≥ Gaurav = Golu ≥ Devu
According to the statement, if only conclusion I is true. Because from conclusion I Vineet ≥ Golu, therefore conclusion I is true.
According to the statement conclusion II is false. Because from conclusion II  Gaurav > Golu, therefore conclusion II is false.
8. Statements -
Yogesh ≤ Saurabh ≥ Devu ≥ Raj = Raju ≥ Rishu ≥ Ronak
Conclusions -
I - Saurabh ≥ Ronak
II – Saurabh = Ronak
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: According to the statement, if either I or II is true. Because from conclusion I Saurabh ≥ Ronak , therefore conclusion I is false and in conclusion II Saurabh = Ronak, therefore conclusion II is false.
Saurabh ≥ Ronak
9. Statements -
B Q = R < S
Conclusions -
I - P ≥ B
II – S ≥ B
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: B Q = R < S
According to the statement, if neither I nor II is true. Because from conclusion I  P ≥ B , therefore conclusion I is false and in conclusion II S ≥ B, therefore conclusion II is false.
10. Statements -
P ≥ Z = V, U B ≥ Z
Conclusions -
I - P ≥ A
II – P > U
A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows. C. If either conclusion I or II follows. D. If neither conclusion I nor II follows. E. If both conclusions I and II follows.

Solution: P ≥ Z = V > U
According to the statement, if only conclusion II is true. Because from conclusion II P > U, therefore conclusion II is true.
P ≥ Z ≤ B < A
According to the statement conclusion I is false. Because from conclusion I P ≥ A , therefore conclusion I is false.
Circular Arrangement:
Directions for Questions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below:
Eight persons R, S, T, U, V, W, X and Y are sitting round a circular table. Five of them are facing at the centre while three of them are facing outside. Y is not facing at the centre. R is facing at the centre and is fourth to the right of V, who is third to the left of W, who is facing outside. U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre. R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.
1. Who is fifth to the right of U?
A. W B. R C. S D. Y E. None of these

Solution:
In the circle of eight persons, R is facing at the centre and is fourth to the right of V, who is third to the left of W, who is facing outside.

(or) R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.

U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre.

Y is not facing at the centre. One person Y is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

R is fifth to the right of U.
2. Who is third to the left of Y?
A. X B. R C. W D. U E. None of these

Solution:
In the circle of eight persons, R is facing at the centre and is fourth to the right of V, who is third to the left of W, who is facing outside.

(or) R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.

U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre.

Y is not facing at the centre. One person Y is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

W is third to the left of Y.
3. Who among the following sits between Y and V?
A. W B. U C. T D. S E. None of these

Solution:

(or) R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.

U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre.

Y is not facing at the centre. One person Y is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

T sits between Y and V.
4. What is W’s position with respect to T?
A. Second to the left B. Fifth to the right C. Fourth to the right D. Fifth to the left E. None of these

Solution:

(or) R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.

U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre.

Y is not facing at the centre. One person Y is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

W’s is fourth to the right of T.
5. How many persons are sitting between X and S?
A. One B. Two C. Three D. Five E. None of these

Solution:

(or) R is an immediate right of S, who is second to the left of T, who is facing outside.

U is an immediate right of X, who is facing at the centre.

Y is not facing at the centre. One person Y is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

Two persons are sitting between X and S.
Linear Arrangement:
Directions for Questions (6 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below:
Eight persons D, E, F, G, H, I, J and K are seated in a straight line facing north. E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line. Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E. F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E. Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.
6. Who is an immediate right of K?
A. G B. J C. D D. F E. H

Solution:
Out of eight persons seated north, E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line.

Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E.

F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E

Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.

One person I is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

J is an immediate right of K.
7. Which of the following is true regarding I?
A. G is second to the right of I. B. H is an immediate right of I. C. D is an immediate left of I. D. K is second to the left of I. E. J is third to the right of I.

Solution:
Out of eight persons seated north, E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line.

Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E.

F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E

Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.

One person I is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

D is an immediate left of I.
8. How many persons sit exactly between J and F?
A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four E. None of these

Solution:
Out of eight persons seated north, E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line.

Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E.

F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E

Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.

One person I is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

Three persons sit exactly between J and F.
9. Who is fifth to the left of J?
A. G B. F C. D D. E E. None of these

Solution:
Out of eight persons seated north, E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line.

Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E.

F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E

Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.

One person I is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

E is fifth to the left of J.
10. Who is fourth to the right of D?
A. K B. J C. I D. G E. None of these

Solution:
Out of eight persons seated north, E sits third to the left of H. Neither E nor H sits at the extreme end of line.

Only one person sits between H and J. J is not an immediate neighbor of E.

F sits third to the right of D. D is not an immediate neighbor of E

Only one person sits between K and G. F is not an immediate neighbor of K.

One person I is left and one place is left so he will sit there.

G is fourth to the right of D.
Ranking:
1. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word 'POLICE' each of which has as many letters between them in the word (in both forward and backward direction) as they have between them in English alphabetical series:
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 E. None of these

Solution:
Total pairs = 1 (OP)

Coding-Decoding:
Directions for Questions (2 - 5):
In each of the question below a group of a letter are given followed by four groups of digit / symbol combinations numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4). Letters are to be coded as per the codes and conditions given below. You have to find out which of the combinations (1), (2), (3) and (4) is correct and indicates your answer accordingly. If none of the four represents the correct code, mark (5) i.e. 'None of these' as your answer.
Digit / Symbol Letter
7 A
2 Z
3 E
# P
@ J
5 K
4 U
6 M
! F
& O
9 B
1 I
\$ T

Conditions:
(1) If the first, as well as last elements in the group, are even digits, then both are coded as Y.
(2) If the first element is an even digit and the last element is an odd digit, then codes for the first and the last elements are to be interchanged.
(3) If the first element is a symbol and the last element is an odd digit, then both are to be coded by the code of the symbol.
2. “#926!1”
A. PBZMFP B. PBZMFU C. PZBMFU D. PZBMFP E. PBZFMP

Solution:
According to the question, condition Ill follows.

3. “2@4\$27”
A. AUJTZZ B. AJUTZZ C. AUJZTZ D. AJUZTZ E. AUJZZT

Solution:
According to the question, condition Il follows.

4. “6#9&52”
A. YBPKOY B. YBPOKY C. YPBOKY D. MPBOKY E. MPBOKZ

Solution:
According to the question, condition l follows.

5. “9\$3@61”
A. BTJEMU B. BTEJMU C. BTEJUM D. BTJEUM E. BTJEUY

Solution:
According to the question,

Puzzle:
Directions for Questions (6 - 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the question given below it –
Seven friends P, Q, R, S, T, U and V are studying in three different standards i.e. II, III and IV without more than three or less than two in any of the standard. Each friend has a different favorite subject i.e. Hindi, English, Math, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Art, but not necessary in the same order. P studies in standard II only with Q and he likes Biology. The one who likes Chemistry and he studies in standard III. R does not study in standard IV. S likes Art and he studies in standard III with only one other friend. The one who likes Physics and he studies in standard II. V studies in standard IV with two other friends. The one who likes Math and he studies in standard IV. T and V do not like Math. V does not like Hindi.
6. R likes which of the following subject?
A. Math B. Chemistry C. Physics D. Hindi E. None of these

Solution:

Friend Standard Subject
P II Biology
Q II Physics
R III Chemistry
S III Art
T IV Hindi
U IV Math
V IV English

R likes Chemistry.
7. V likes which of the following subject?
A. English B. Chemistry C. Physics D. Hindi E. None of these

Solution:
Friend Standard Subject
P II Biology
Q II Physics
R III Chemistry
S III Art
T IV Hindi
U IV Math
V IV English

V likes English.
8. Which of the following group of friends study in standard IV?
A. T U P B. P U V C. T U V D. R S T E. S T Q

Solution:
Friend Standard Subject
P II Biology
Q II Physics
R III Chemistry
S III Art
T IV Hindi
U IV Math
V IV English

T, U and V studies in standard IV.
9. Which of the following combinations of Friend, Standard and Subject is correct?
A. Q - II – Chemistry B. T - III – Hindi C. V - IV – Math D. T – IV – Hindi E. None of these

Solution:
Friend Standard Subject
P II Biology
Q II Physics
R III Chemistry
S III Art
T IV Hindi
U IV Math
V IV English

T studies in standard IV and he likes Hindi.
10. U likes which of the following subject?
A. Math B. English C. Hindi D. Chemistry E. None of these