# Analytical Reasoning Practice Quiz

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# Analytical Reasoning Practice Quiz

### Introduction

Analytical Reasoning skills are crucial in every field that involves Numerical Reasoning, Logic, Math , Deductions & Inductions and fields where data needs to be analysed to discern patterns within the data. Analytical Reasoning is thus defined as the ability to look at the data/information and to find patterns or rules or connection between items in the information. Analytical Reasoning questions in competitive exams include both verbal & non-verbal questions and also involve a series of diagrams and pictures.
The article Analytical Reasoning Practice Quiz lists different types of Analytical Reasoning questions with solutions useful for candidates preparing for different competitive examinations like RRB .RRB ALP/Technical Exams/Junior Engineer Recruitment Exams, SSC CGL,SSC CHSL, IBPS, SBI PO, SBI Clerks, CAT and etc.

### Quiz

1. In a row of students, Ajay is 12th from the left and Vijay is 17th from the right. When Ajay and Vijay interchange their positions Vijay becomes 27th from the right. How many students are there between Vijay and Ajay?
A. 9 B. 12 C. 7 D. 10

Explanation -
From right end
(i) Vijay’s present position: ${27}^{th}$
(ii) Vijay’s former position: ${17}^{th}$
Now, total number of students between Ajay and Vijay = 27 – 17 – 1 = 9.
2. Modi is fourteenth from the right end in a row of 40 boys. What is his position from the left end?
A. ${25}^{th}$ B. ${27}^{th}$ C. ${24}^{th}$ D. ${26}^{th}$

Explanation -
Modi’s position from the left end = 40 + 1 – 14 = ${27}^{th}$
3. In a row of boys, Jayati is seventh from the start and a eleventh from the end. In another row of boys, Bharat is tenth from the start and twelfth from the end. How many boys are there in both the rows together?
A. 36 B. 37 C. 39 D. None of these

Explanation -
Clearly, total number of boys in both the rows
= (Number of boys in Jayati’s row) + (Number of boys in Bharat’s row)
= (6 + 1 + 10) + (9 + 1 + 11) = 17 + 21 = 38.
4. Seema is 8 ranks ahead of Sajan, who ranks twenty sixth in a class of 42. What is Seema’s rank from the last?
A. ${9}^{th}$ B. ${24}^{th}$ C. ${25}^{th}$ D. ${34}^{th}$

Explanation -
Sajan rank 26th and Seema is 8 ranks ahead of Sajan. So, Seema ranks 18th. Number of students behind Seema in rank = (42 – 18) = 24.
So, Seema ranks 25th from the last.
5. In a class, among the passed students, Amita is twenty-second from the top and Ramnik, who is 5 ranks below Amita, is thirty-fourth from the bottom. All the students from the class have appeared for the exam. If the ratio of the students who passed in the exam to those who failed is 4 : 1 in that class, how many students are there in the class?
A. 60 B. 75 C. 90 D. Data inadequate

Explanation -
Amita is 22nd from the top and Ramnik is 5 ranks below Amita. So, Ramnik is 27th from the top. Also,
Ramnik is 34th from the bottom.
Number of students passed = (26 + 1 + 33) = 60
Total number of students in the class = 60 + 15 = 75.
6. In a queue, Sameer is ninth from the back. Wasim’s place is eighth from the front. Neetesh is standing between the two. What could be the minimum number of boys standing in the queue?
A. 8 B. 10 C. 12 D. 14

Explanation -
Minimum number of students will be possible in the following case

Thus, in the above case, total number of students = 9 + 6 – 1 = 14.
7. In a row of girls facing North, Rajni is 10th to the left of Paro, who is 21st from the right end. If Meera, who is 17th from the left end, is fourth to the right of Rajni, how many girls are there in the row?
A. 37 B. 43 C. 44 D. Data inadequate

Explanation -
Here, Rajni’s position from the right end = 21 + 10 = ${31}^{st}$
Meera’s position from the right end = 31 – 4 = ${27}^{th}$
Meera’s position from the left end = ${17}^{th}$ (given)
Thus, the total number of persons in the row = 27 + 17 – 1 = 43
8. Students line up in a queue in which Ashwani stands fifteenth from the left and Sandeep is seventh from the right. If they interchange their places, Sandeep would be fifteenth from the right. How many students are there in the queue?
A. 21 B. 22 C. 29 D. None of these

Explanation -
Sandeep’s new position is 15th from the right as well as from the left end of the row.
Number of students in the queue = (14 + 1 + 14) = 29.
9. In a row of children, Hardipak is eleventh from the left and Manoj is seventeenth from the right. When they interchange their places, Hardipak will be thirteenth from the left. Which of the following will be the new position of Manoj from the right?
A. Eleventh B. Twenty-first C. Nineteenth D. Twenty-ninth

Explanation -
Manoj’s earlier position from the right end = ${17}^{th}$
Manoj’s earlier position from the left end = ${13}^{th}$
Total number of persons in the row = 17 + 13 – 1 = 29
Manoj’s new position from the right
= 29 + 1 – 11= ${19}^{th}$
10. Neeta is taller than Sania. Neelima is taller than Neeta. Nitika is taller than Neelima. Mehak is the tallest of all. If they stand according to their height, who will be in the middle?
A. Neeta B. Neelima C. Sania D. Nitika

Explanation -
On the basis of the given information, we get
Mehak > Nitika > Neelima > Neeta > Sania
Obviously, Neelima will occupy the middle position
11. In a team of five players, Vani is older than Rani. Sita is younger than Vani but older than Rani. Nita is younger than Mary and Rani. Rani is older than Mary. Whose age is middle of all the five in this team?
A. Vani B. Rani C. Sita D. Mary

Explanation -
Vani > Rani
Vani > Sita > Rani
Mary, Rani > Nita.
Rani > Mary
Vani > Sita > Rani > Mary > Nita.
12. Five persons – R, S, T, U and V – are in a queue facing a reservation counter. Immediately behind S is U. T is standing between R and V. In between R and U, no one is there. Then, where is S standing in the queue?
A. First B. Second C. Last D. Last but one

Explanation -
← Reservation counter.
S U R T V
13. In a row of girls, Kamla is 9th from the left and Veena is 16th from the right. If they interchange their positions. Kamla becomes 25th from the left. How many girls are there in the row?
A. 34 B. 36 C. 40 D. 41

Explanation -
Kamal’s position from left = 9th
Veena’s position from right = 16th
After interchanging their positions,
Kamal’s position from left = 25th
So, that Kamal’s position from right = 16th
i.e, Total number of girls = (25 + 16) – 1 = 40.
14. In a class of boys Rajan got the 11th rank and he was 31st from the bottom of the list of boys passed. Three boys did not take the examination and one failed. What is the total strength of the class?
A. 32 B. 42 C. 45 D. 46

Explanation -
Rajan’s rank in the class = ${11}^{th}$
Also, Rajan’s rank in the class from bottom = ${31}^{th}$
i.e, Number of boys passed = 41
Total number of boys = 41 + 31 + 1 = 45.
15. B is twice as old as A but twice younger than F. C is half the age of A but is twice older than D. Who is the second oldest?
A. B B. F C. D D. C

Explanation -
B = 2A
F = 2B = 4A
A = 2C
C = $\frac{A}{2}$
C = 2D
D = $\frac{C}{2} = \frac{A}{4}$
The correct order is F > B > A > C > D.
Hence, the second oldest is B.
1. Ramesh ranks ${13}^{th}$ in a class of 33 students. There are 5 students below Suresh rankwise. How many students are there between Ramesh and Suresh?
A. 12 B. 14 C. 15 D. 16

Explanation -
Ramesh’s rank in the class = 13th
Total number of student = 33
i.e, Suresh’s rank in the class = 33 – 5 = 28th
i.e, Number of student between Ramesh and Suresh
= 28 – (13 + 1) = 14.
2. In a row of trees, a tree is 7th from the left end and ${14}^{th}$ from the right end. How many trees are there in the row?
A. 18 B. 19 C. 20 D. 21

Explanation -
A tree’s rank from the left = 7th and that of from right= ${14}^{th}$.
i.e, Total number of trees = 14 + 7 – 1 = 20.
3. Five girls – M, N, O, P and Q – are standing in a row. P is on the right of Q, N is on the left of Q, but N is on the right of M, P is on the left of O. Who is standing on the extreme right end?
A. Q B. N C. O D. P

Explanation -
The given standing position is
Left ← M N Q P O → Right
4. Sita is elder than Swapna. Lavanya is elder than Swapna but younger than Sita. Suvarna is younger than both Hari and Swapna, Swapna is elder than Hari. Who is the youngest?
A. Sita B. Lavanya C. Suvama D. Hari

Explanation -
The order of eldest to youngest is given below.
Sita > Lavanya > Swapna > Hari > Suvarna.
5. In a row of boys, Srinath is $\frac{7}{th}$ from the left and Venkat is $\frac{12}{th}$ from the right. If they interchange their positions, Srinath becomes 22nd from the left. How many boys are there in the row?
A. 19 B. 31 C. 33 D. 34

Explanation -

Total number of boys in the row = 22 + 12 – 1 = 33
6. In a classroom, there are 5 rows, and 5 children – A, B, C, D and E – are seated one behind the other in 5 separate rows as follows: A is sitting behind C, but in front of B. C is sitting behind E. D is sitting in front of E. The order in which they are sitting from the first row to the last is
A. DECAB B. BACED C. ACBDE D. ABEDC

Explanation -
From the given information the order is DECAB.
7. Suresh is 7 ranks ahead of Ashok in the class of 39 students. If Ashok’s rank is ${17}^{th}$ from the last, what is Suresh’s rank from the start?
A. ${16}^{th}$ B. ${23}^{rd}$ C. ${24}^{th}$ D. ${15}^{th}$

Explanation -
Ashok's rank from last = ${17}^{th}$
i.e, Suresh's rank from last = 17 + 7 = ${24}^{th}$
i.e, Suresh's rank from the start = 39 – 24 + 1 = ${16}^{th}$
8. Of the six members of a panel sitting in a row, X is to the left of Q but on the right of P. Y is on the right of Q but is on the left of Z, Z is to the left of R. Find the members who are at the extreme ends?
A. QZ B. XZ C. PR D. QY

Explanation -
The given information can be shown as: P X Q Y Z R
9. A goldsmith has five rings. Each having a different weight. Ring D weighing twice as much as Ring E. Ring E weighing four and one-half times as much as Ring F. Ring F weighing half as much as Ring G. Ring G weighing half as much as Ring H. Ring H weighing less than Ring D but more than Ring F. Which of the following represents the descending order of weights of the rings?
A. D, E, G, H, F B. D, E, F, H, G C. E, G, H, D, F D. D, E, H, G, F

Explanation -
Let weight of the ring D be x gm.
i.e, Weight of E = $\frac{x}{2}$ gm.
Weight of F = $\frac{x}{2} * \frac{2}{9} = \frac{x}{9}$ gm.
Weight of G = $\frac{2x}{9}$ gm.
Weight of H = $\frac{4x}{9}$ gm.
Weight of D > Weight of H > Weight of F.
i.e, Descending order of weight of the rings
D > E > H > G > F.
10. Five athletes – A, B, C, D and E – participated in a race.
• B finished before 3 athletes exactly.
• C and A finished neither 1st nor 5th.
• D did not finish at last.
• C finished before A.
Who came third?

A. A B. C C. D D. E

Explanation -
Order of athletes to finish race is D, B, C, A and E.
Hence, C will come ${3}^{rd}$.
11. Rahul is taller than Saurav, Sachin is taller than Rahul and Dhoni is taller than Kaif but shorter than Saurav. Who is the tallest?
A. Sachin B. Rahul C. Dhoni D. Saurav

Explanation -
The order of the heights of the persons according to the given information will be
Sachin > Rahul > Saurav > Dhoni > Kaif
Hence, Sachin is the tallest.
12. Five friends – Ravi, Suhail, Mayur, Aakash and Krishna – participated in a race. Aakash finished the race before Krishna and after Suhail. Ravi finished the race before Suhail and Mayur. Who won the race?
A. Suhail B. Aakash C. Ravi D. krishna

Explanation -
Aakash finished the race before Krishna and after
Suhail. Ravi finished the race before Suhail and Mayur.
Hence, Ravi won the race.
13. Five books are lying in a pile. E is lying on A, C is lying under B, A is lying above B, and D is lying under C. Which book is lying at the bottom?
A. A B. B C. C D. D

Explanation - The sequence of books according to the given information will be
Hence, D is at the bottom of the pile.
14. There are seven flights – A, B, C, D, E, F and G. A lands after F. C lands before G and after B. D lands after E and before B. E lands after A. Which flight landed at last?
A. B B. C C. A D. G

Explanation -
From the given information, order of landing is: F A E D B C G
Hence, G landed last
15. There are five persons – P, Q, R, S and T – sitting in a row facing North. Q is sitting to the left of S and to the right of R. No two persons among R, Q and T are sitting adjacent to each other. Who is sitting at the extreme ends of the row?
A. P and R B. P and Q C. Q and S D. R and T

Explanation -
Since Q is sitting to the left of S and to the right of R, their places are R Q S
Since R, Q and T are not sitting adjacent to each other, T must be to the right of S.
P is sitting between R and Q. The final arrangement is R P Q S T
Hence, R and T are sitting at the extreme ends.
1. There were 6 friends – A, B, C, D, E and F.
• B is heavier than only E. • F is heavier than 4 friends exactly. • A or C is not heaviest. • A is heavier than C.
Who is 4th heaviest?

A. A B. C C. F D. D

Explanation -
The order of weight is D > F > A > C > B > E.
Hence, C is the ${4}^{th}$ heaviest.
2. In the following colour sequence, R stands for Red, Y for Yellow, G for Green, B for Blue and W for White. If the sequence is continued, then which colour will come next? B B R B R W B R W G B R W G Y B B R B R W B R W
A. Red B. Blue C. Green D. Yellow

Explanation -
B | BR | BRW | BRWG | BRWGY | B | BR| BRW | BRWG
Therefore, in the above sequence G will be the next letter. Hence, Green will come next in the series.
3. Among five boys, Amit is shorter than Mandar. Prashant is taller than Vinod but shorter than Amit. Mandar is shorter than Pankaj. Who is the tallest in the group?
A. Prashant B. Amit C. Vinod D. Pankaj

Explanation -
Arranging the given information, we get
Pankaj > Mandar > Amit > Prashant > Vinod
Hence, Pankaj is the tallest.
4. In a class, Vasu is ranked 16th from the top and 15th from the bottom of a list. How many students are there in the class?
A. 29 B. 31 C. 30 D. 32

Explanation -
Using the formula,
T = ${R}_{T} + {R}_{B} - 1$
We get,
T = 16 + 15 – 1 = 30.
Hence, there are 30 students in the class
5. Five persons - Keshav, Mahesh, Sameer, Ravi and Piyush– are sitting in a row facing North. Piyush is on right side of Keshav and Mahesh. Ravi is to the right side of Sameer. Only Ravi is sitting between Keshav and Sameer. Which of the following pairs could be sitting at the extreme ends?
A. Sameer and Piyush B. Ravi and Mahesh C. Sameer and Mahesh D. Ravi and Keshav

Explanation -
Given information can be shown as:
Sameer Ravi Keshav Mahesh Piyush ↑ North
OR
Mahesh Sameer Ravi Keshav Piyush
Hence, Sameer and Piyush could be sitting at the extreme ends.
6. In a row of five, A is next to B. E is on right side of A, and D is to the immediately left of A. C and E do not sit together. Who is E’s neighbor?
A. A B. B C. C D. D

Explanation -
The arrangement is C D A B E
So, B is E’s neighbor.
7. B is heavier than D, who is heavier than A. E is heavier than C but lighter than D. Who is the lightest?
A. A B. C C. E D. Cannot be determined

Explanation -
Arranging the given information in decreasing order we get B > D > A and D > E > C
but we don’t know whether A < C or C < A.
Hence, we cannot decide.
For questions 8 and 9:
Directions: (8 – 9)
Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
I. There are five friends – Alok, Jayesh, Bhagat, Subodh and Pramod. II. They are standing in a row facing South. III. Jayesh is to the immediate right of Alok. IV. Pramod is between Bhagat and Subodh. V. Subodh is between Jayesh and Pramod.

8. Who is at the extreme left end?
A. Alok B. Bhagat C. Subodh D. Jayesh

9. Who is in the middle?
A. Bhagat B. Jayesh C. Pramod D. Subodh

10. Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a row facing East. Only ‘C’ is between ‘A’ and ‘E’, ‘B’ is just to the right of ‘E’ but left of ‘D’. ‘F’ is not at the right end. Who are to the right of ‘E’?
A. A and B B. A and D C. B and D D. D and E

Explanation -

Hence, B and D are to the right of E.
11. Six persons – F, G, H, K, L and M – are of different heights. F, G and H are males, while K, L and M are females. G is taller than F, who is taller than exactly two persons. K is taller than H, who is taller than only one female. M is taller than L but smaller than G. The tallest person is not a female. Who is the smallest female?
A. K B. M C. L D. Cannot be determined

Explanation - The order of persons from the tallest to the smallest is as follows:

12. Five books—A, B, C, D and E—are placed on a table one above another. B is placed below C, A is placed above E, D is placed below B and E is placed above C. Which of the following books touches the table?
A. B B. D C. A D. E

Explanation - The order of the books from bottom to top is shown below.
Hence, D touches the table
13. There are five persons – Aman, Baman, Chaman, Raman and Saman. Each of them is of a different weight and height. Aman is the tallest but not the heaviest. Saman, who is the lightest, is taller than exactly two persons. Chaman, who is shorter than at least two persons, is not the second lightest. Raman is the shortest as well as the heaviest. If Aman is the third heaviest, who is the second heaviest among them
A. Chaman B. Raman C. Baman D. Aman

Explanation -
The information for weight can be summarised as shown below.
Raman > Chaman > Aman> Baman >Saman
Hence, Chaman is the second heaviest
14. Five girls are sitting in a row. Sudha is sitting next to Padma. Krishna is sitting next to Rama who is sitting on the extreme left. Tapti is sitting on the extreme right. No body is sitting between Padma and Krishna. Who is sitting in the middle?
A. Krishna B. Padma C. Sudha D. Tapti