# Statements and Conclusions

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# Statements and Conclusions

### Introduction

Statement and Conclusion questions, a part of logical reasoning section, basically consist a paragraph/statement/passage. By reading the statement/passage carefully the candidates have to decide what is inferred by the passage. These are basically designed to test the candidate's ability to interpret a statement. The questions in this part comprise of a statement or an arrangement of statements, followed by specific deductions taking into account the facts contained in the given statements. The candidate is required to break down the given statements, understand their direct/indirect implications and after that choose which of the given conclusions takes after sensibly and without a doubt, from the given statements.

### Concept

Conclusion: A conclusion is a fact which can be inferred from a given statement or a paragraph or a passage. Statement - conclusion questions are the extension of the statement - assumptions questions. Sometimes, the messages are clear in passage itself ie, direct implications. And sometimes hidden in the passage i.e. indirect implications. Format of the problem: Directions: In every question underneath a statement(or a section) is followed by two/three conclusions numbered I and II/III. The candidate is required to analyse the statement and understand the direct or in-direct implications.Candidate is required to consider the announcement and the accompanying conclusions and afterwards choose which of the conclusions is certain in the statement. Give answer: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows.

### Model Problems

Model 1: Statement: Wind is an unlimited wellspring of energy and an aero generator can change over it into power. In spite of the fact that very little has been done in this field, the review demonstrates that there is incomprehensible potential for creating wind as option wellspring of energy. Conclusions: I: Energy by wind is similarly recently developing field. II: The energy emergency can be managed by investigating more in the field of aero generation. Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three conclusions numbered I and II. Have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows behind a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Given options: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows. Solution:
From the passage, the expression 'very little has been done in this field' demonstrates that wind vitality is a similarly recently rising field. In this way, I follows. The expression 'there is inconceivable potential for creating wind as option wellspring of energy' ends up being valid. Therefore, option(e) is correct answer.
Model 2: Statement: Guardians are set up to pay any cost for a tip top training to their youngsters. Conclusions: I: All guardians nowadays are exceptionally fortunate. II: Guardians have an over the top energy for a flawless improvement of their youngsters through great educating. Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three conclusions numbered I and II. Have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows behind a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Given options: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows. Solution:
Given statement: Guardians are set up to pay any cost for a tip top training to their youngsters. It is clear that, the statement infers that individuals are slanted towards giving their youngsters great training. Along these lines, just II takes after while I doesn't. So, option(b) is the correct one.
Model 3: Statement: Government has ruined numerous top positioning monetary foundations by naming civil servants as directors of these institutions. Conclusions: I: Government should designate directors of the monetary foundations taking over the mastery of the individual in the region of finance. II: The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute. Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three conclusions numbered I and II. Have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows behind a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Given options: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows. Solution:
Given that: Government has ruined numerous top positioning monetary foundations by naming civil servants as directors of these institutions. According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both I and II follows.
Model 4: Statement: A neurotic is a non-idiot who acts moronically. Conclusions: I: Neurotic-ism and idiocy go as an inseparable unit. II: Normal persons behave intelligently. Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three conclusions numbered I and II. Have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows behind a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Given options: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows. Solution:
Given statement: A neurotic is a non-idiot who acts moronically. It is said in the announcement that a neurotic is a man who acts moronically. So, I follows. The conduct of ordinary persons can't be derived from the given statement. So, II does not follow. Therefore, Only conclusion I follows.
Model 5: Statement: For more than three decades Company X has been completely required in energy protection, its proficient use and administration. Conclusions: I: The Company has yet to learn and gain fundamental things around there. II: It is commitment that is more important than information and ability. Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three conclusions numbered I and II. Have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows behind a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Given options: (a) If only conclusion I follows. (b) If only conclusion II follows. (c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. (d) If neither of the conclusions I and II follows. (e) If both the conclusions I and II follows. Solution:
Given statement: For more than three decades Company X has been completely required in energy protection, its proficient use and administration. Since the organization has been working here for three decades, it must have the fundamental ability and base required in this field. So, I does not follow. In any case, the qualities that have made the Company X effective in this field have not been specified. So, II also does not follow. Therefore, neither I nor II follows.
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