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World History Dates Years

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World History Dates Years

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World History Dates Years article presents the list of all the important dates and years of the world history. History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. History is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events.

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Scholars who write about history are called historians. People often say that “History repeats itself,” but if we study the successes and failures of the past, we may, ideally, be able to learn from our mistakes and avoid repeating them in the future. Studying history can provide us with insight into our cultures of origin as well as cultures with which we might be less familiar, thereby increasing cross-cultural awareness and understanding.
List of Important Dates and Years in World History is given below:
Year Event
776 First Olympiad in Greece
753 Rome founded
490 Battle of Marathon; the Greeks defeated the Iranians/ Persians
327-26 Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes
221 Chin-Hung Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China Completed
55 Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General
44 Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus
4 Birth of Jesus Christ
29 Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
43 Roman conquest of Britain.
570 Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.
622 Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (Hijira), Beginning of Hijira Era (Mohammedan calendar) on July 15.
800 Charlemagne Crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s.
871 Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.
901 Death of King Alfred the Great.
1066 Battle of Hastings; Norman invasion of England. William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, defeated the England king Harold II at Hastings.
121 Magna Carta of the Great Charter signed by king john II at Runnymede in England on June 15.
1280 Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.
1338 The Hundred Years War broke out; it lasted up to 1453.
1431 Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, Obtained victory over the England at Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.
1443 The Black Death i.e., plague broke out in England.
1453 The Capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries, where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature. This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.
1486 Bartholomew Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope.
1492 Columbus Sailed on his first expedition to the West Indies which Later led to the discovery of America (the New World).
1498 Vasco Da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the Seat-route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.
1517 Beginning of Reformation.
1529-36 Reformation in England under Henry VIII.
1564 Birth of Shakespeare.
1571 Battle of Lepanto; Turks defeated by the Christian League.
1577 Drake, the famous England admiral , started his voyage round the World for the first time and plundered Spanish ships and ports in South America.
1588 Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ’Armada’ England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’
1600 Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st Dec)
1605 Gunpowder plot in England to Blow up the England Parliament.
1616 Shakespeare passes away.
1649 Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.
1649-60 The Commonwealth and the protectorate in England.
1660 Restoration of Monarchy in England.
1665 The Great plague in London.
1679 Habeas Corpus Act.
1688 The Glorious of Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began. Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of Kings.
1704 Battle of Blenheim; Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.
1707 Union of England and Scotland.
1763 Treaty of Paris; It ended the Seven Years’ War (1756-63 ); weakened France, made England a great colonial power.
1776 Declaration of American Independence and formation of federal Republic of 13 states called the United States of America (July 4).
1783 Treaty of Versailles; England recognized the the independence of the United States of America.
1789 George Washington elected First President of USA. Beginning of French Revolution: Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14)
1798 (i) Battle of Trafalgar; death of Nelson. (ii) Battle of Austerliz- Napolean Bonaparte routed a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.
1815 Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to st. Helena. Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe; The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because it disregarded national claims.
1821 Death of Napolean at St. Helena (May 5).
1827 Battle of Navatino; the Allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet; This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.
1832 Reforms Bill padded ; French captured Antwerp.
1833 Emancipation of penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland, Hill; Aden annexed by England.
1854 The Crimean War began; Russia attacked Turkey; England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.
1861 American Civil War started. Abraham Lincon elected 16 th president of USA.
1863 Slavery abolished in America.
1869 Suez Canal opened for traffic.
1885 General Golden captured and slain at Khartoum.
1899 Beginning of the Boar War.
1904 Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War.
1905 Battle of the sea of Japan; Japan inflicted a crushing naval defect on Russia; a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.
1911 Chinese Republican Revolution; Amundsen reached south pole (Dec.14).
1914 Outbreak of World War I (Aug.4).
1916 Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle). The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German fleet under Admiral Scheer.
1917 (i) March /Feb. Revolution in Russia :the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Luou, Kerensky). (ii) Nov./ Oct. Revolution in Russia ; Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).
1918 End of World War I (Nov.11).
1919 The Paris Conference; the Treaty of Versailles.
1920 Foundation of the League of Nation (Jan. 10).
1921 The Irish Free State established with the status of dominion like Canada (Dec .6).
1923 Turkish Republic proclaimed with kemal Ataturk as its First Presidents.
1924 Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia.
1925 Treaty of Locarno (Between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium).
1928 Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war; it had no effect).
1933 Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
1935 War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Italy annexed Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Plebiscite in Saar.
1939 Germany invaded Poland : Outbreak of World War II (sep. 1).
1940 Fall of France after German invasion (June 5); Italy entered World War II (June 11).
1941 (i) Hitler invades Russia (June 22); Framing of the Atlantic Charter (Aug. 14); Japan attacked pearl harbour (Hawaii Island ) (Dec.7); (ii) USA entered World War II (Dec.8); China entered World War II. (iii) (Dec.10)Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (Dec.22).
1942 Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (Feb.15); Battle of Coral Sea Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3); Battle of Stalingrad (Sep.19).
1943 Defect of Germany at Stalingrad (Feb .8); Battle if the Bismarck Sea, American defeated Japan in a naval battle (March .4); Invasion Of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy & the Allies (Sep.3).
1944 Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General lke (Eisenhower); (D-Day) (June.6); Liberation of Paris (Aug.25).
1945 Execution of Mussolini (Apr.22); Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7); USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima & Nagasaki of Japan (Aug,6& Aug.9); Unconditional surrender of Japan (Aug.14); World War II Ended (Aug.14); Foundation of UNO (Oct.24).