GK - World - SPLessons

Important International Organizations

Home > > Tutorial
SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Important International Organizations

shape Introduction

An International organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence primarily established to maintain international peace , security and to develop healthy and friendly relations between nations. International Organizations are set up in different parts of the world with different head of the organizations for each entity. International Organizations (associations) with their presence all over the globe, hold a critical place in world undertakings. The International associations have mass effects on nations, laws and even worldwide costs.
Amnesty International, an International Organization is focused on worldwide peacekeeping and human rights, whileOPEC [The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries] keeps up strength in worldwide interest and supply of oil. Subsequently, these associations deal with a wide scope of issues that rise above worldwide limits and nearby laws. This article gives a list of vital International Organizations and their Headquarters.
Mainly there are 2 types of International Organizations. The first type is: International Nongovernmental Organizations (INGOs): Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that operate internationally. These include international non-profit organizations and worldwide companies such as the World Organization of the Scout Movement, International Committee of the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières. The second type is : Intergovernmental Organizations, also known as international governmental organizations (IGOs): the type of organization most closely associated with the term 'international organization', which are organizations that are made up primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states). Primary examples include the United Nations (UN), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe (COE), International Labour Organization (ILO) and International Police Organization (INTERPOL). The UN has used the term "intergovernmental organization" instead of "international organization" for enhanced clarity. Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine, created in 1815, is the first and oldest intergovernmental organization established by the Congress of Vienna.
The role of international organizations includes assisting in international agenda, mediating political bargaining, providing a place for political initiatives and acting as catalysts for coalition- formation. International organizations also define the salient issues and decide which issues can be grouped together, thus help governmental priority determination or other governmental arrangements. Seeking economic, political, social cooperation and integration is primary for international organizations with some exceptions .

shape Organizations

Important Organizations - UN Organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
United Nations Organization (UN) UNO New York, USA
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC Vienna
United Nations Conference On Trade And Development UNCTAD Geneva
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR Geneva, Switzerland
Food and Agriculture Organization FAO Rome, Italy
International Labour Organization ILO Geneva, Switzerland
World Tourism Organization WTO Madrid, Spain
International Maritime Organization IMO London, UK
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS UNAIDS Geneva, Switzerland
International Rescue Committee IRC New York, USA
United Nations Capital Development Fund UNCDF New York, USA
United Nations International Drug Control Programme UNDCP New York, USA
United Nations Children's Education Fund UNICEF New York, USA
United Nations Development Programme UNDP New York, USA
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO Paris, France
United Nations Environment Programme UNEP Nairobi, Kenya
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC Germany
United Nations Population Fund UNFPA New York, USA
World Tourism Organization WTO Madrid, Spain
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights UNHCHR Geneva, Switzerland
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute UNICRI Turin, Italy
United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO Vienna, Austria
United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNIDIR Geneva, Switzerland
United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research UNIDIR Geneva, Switzerland
United Nations International School UNIS New York, USA
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction UNISDR Geneva, Switzerland
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC Vienna, Austria.
United Nations Office for Project Services UNOPS Copenhagen, Denmark
United Nations Postal Administration UNPA Newyork, USA
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development UNRISD Netherlands
United Nations Relief and Works Agency UNRWA Gaza City and Amman.
United Nations University UNU Tokyo
World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO Geneva, Switzerland
United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNITAR Geneva, Switzerland
Universal Postal Union UPU Bern, Switzerland
World Health Organization WHO Geneva, Switzerland
World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO Geneva, Switzerland
World Food Programme WFP Rome, Italy

Important Organizations - Political And Economic Organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
European Union EU Brussels
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States ACP Brussels, Belgium
African Union AU Addis Ababa and Johannesburg
Andean Community CAN Lima, Peru
Arab League(League of Arab States) Cairo
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APEC Singapore
Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN Jakarta, Indonesia
Caribbean Community CARICOM Georgetown, Guyana
Central American Parliament PARLACEN Guatemala City.
Common Market of East and Southern Africa COMESA Lusaka, Zambia.
Commonwealth of Nations London, UK.
Commonwealth of Independent States CIS Moscow, Russian.
Council of Europe CoE Strasbourg, France.
The East African Community EAC Mwalimu Arusha.
Economic Community Of West African States ECOWAS Abuja, Nigeria.
European Free Trade Association EFTA Geneva, Switzerland.
Gulf Cooperation Council GCC Zayani Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Non-Aligned Movement NAM New York City, USA.
Economic Community of West African States ECOWAS Abuja, Nigeria
European Free Trade Association EFTA Geneva, Switzerland.
Gulf Cooperation Council GCC Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.
Indian Ocean Commission IOC Port Louis
Non-Aligned Movement NAM New York City, USA.
Nordic Council Copenhagen, Denmark.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD Paris, France.
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe OSCE Vienna, Austria.
Organization of American States OAS Washington, D.C.
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States OECS Castries, Saint Lucia.
Secretariat of the Pacific Community SPC Nouméa.
Pacific Islands Forum Canberra, Australia.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific ESCAP Bangkok, Thailand
Southern African Development Community SADC Gaborone, Botswana.
Union of South American Nations USAN Quito, Ecuador.
World Trade Organization WTO Geneva, Switzerland.

Important Organizations - Military Organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
North Atlantic Treaty Org NATO Brussels, Belgium.
European Security and Defence Policy ESDP Paris.
Peace and Security Council PSC Addis Ababa.
Shanghai Cooperation Org SCO Beijing, China
Collective Security Treaty Org CSTO Moscow, Russia

Important Organizations - Multilateral Banks:
Name ABB Headquarter
New Development Bank NDB Shangai , China.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank AIIB Beijing, China.

Important Organizations - Energy organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA Vienna, Austria.
Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NPT New York,USA
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization CTBT Zerbo Vienna, Austria.
Nuclear Suppliers Group NSG Vienna, Austria.
International Energy Agency IEA Paris, France.
Energy Charter Treaty ECT Brussels, Belgium.
International Energy Forum IEF Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Nuclear Energy Agency NEA Paris, France.
World Association of Nuclear Operators WANO London, United Kingdom.

Important Organizations - Financial organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
World Bank IBRD Washington D.C,
African Development Bank AFDB Abidjan, Ivory Coast (statutory)&Tunis, Tunisia (temporary).
Asian Development Bank ADB Metro Manila, Philippines.
International Telecommunication Union ITU Geneva, Switzerland.
International Organization for Standardization ISO Lausanne, Switzerland.
European Reconstruction and Development Bank (or) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD London.
European Investment Bank EIB Plateau, Luxembourg.
Economic and Social council ESC Plateau, Luxembourg.
Economic and Social council ESC Newyork,US.
Inter-American Development Bank IADB Washington, D.C,US.
International Monetary Fund IMF Washington, D.C,US.
International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD Rome, Italy.
International Parlimentary Union IPU Geneva.
Bank for International Settlements BIS Basel, Switzerland.
Black Sea Trade and Development Bank BSTDB Thessaloniki, Greece.
Caribbean Development Bank CDB Bridgetown, Barbados.
Nordic Development Fund NDF Helsinki, Finland.
Nordic Investment Bank NIB Helsinki, Finland.
European Central Bank ECB Frankfurt, Germany.
Office of the High Commissioner For Human Rights OHCHR Geneva, Switzerland
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons OPCW The Hague, Netherlands.
Office of the High Commissioner For Human Rights OHCHR Geneva, Switzerland
Universal postal union UPU Berne, Germany.
World Customs Organisation WCO Brussels, Belgium.
World Meteorological Organization WMO Geneva, Switzerland.
World tourism organisation WTO Madrid, Spain.
Transparency International Huguette Labelle

Important Organizations - Multilateral Organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
ASEAN Regional Forum ARF Jakarta, Indonesia.
East Asia Summit EAS China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia, and Newzeland
Arab League AL Cairo, Egypt.
North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA Washington, D.C, USA
South Asian Free Trade Area SAFTA
Common Wealth of Nation CHN London
India, Brazil, South Africa(Dialogue Forum) IBSA India, Brazil, South Africa.
Common Wealth of Nation CHN London
Sanghai Cooperation Organisation SCO Beijing, china.
Common Wealth of Nation CHN London
Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa - Dialogue forum BRICS-2016 New Delhi, India.
Indian Ocean Rim Association For Regional Cooperation IOR-ARC Mauritius.
International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC Geneva, Switzerland.
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC Vienna, Austria.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation OIC Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
International Criminal Police Org INTERPOL Lyon, France.

Important Organizations - Sports organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
Asian Football Confederation AFC Malaysia.
Confederation of African Football CAF Egypt.
Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football CONCACAF Miami, Florida, U.S.
South American Football Confederation CONMEBOL Luque, Paraguay.
Oceania Football Confederation OFC Auckland, New Zealand.
Union of European Football Associations UEFA Nyon, Switzerland.
International Civil Service Commission ICSC Newyork, USA.
International Federation of Association Football(Fédération Internationale de Football Association) FIFA Zürich, Switzerland.
International Cricket Council ICC Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
International Olympic Committee IOC Lausanne, Switzerland.
International Paralympic Committee IPC Bonn, Germany.
World Rugby(International Rugby Board) IRB Dublin, Ireland.
Commonwealth Games Federation CGF London, UK.
International Tennis Federation ITF London, UK.
Badminton World Federation BWF Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
International Hockey Federation FIH Switzerland
Oceania Football Confederation OFC New Zealand
Union of European Football Associations UEFA Nyon, Switzerland

Important Organizations - Space organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
European Space Agency ESA Paris,France.
Confederation of African Football CAF Egypt.
International Mobile Satellite Organisations IMSO London, United Kingdom
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO Bangalore, India.
International Telecommuication Satellite Organisation INTELSAT Washington D.C, US.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Washington, D.C., USA.
United Kingdom Space Agency UKSA Swindon, Wiltshire.
China National Space Administration CNSA Beijing, China.
Russian Federal Space Agency RFSA Roscosmos Moscw, Russia.
French Space Agency CNES Paris, France.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA Tokyo, Japan.
German Aerospace Center DLR Cologne.
Italian Space Agency ASI Rome, Italy.

Important Organizations - Environmental organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels ACAP Tasmania, Australia.
Global Environment Facility GEF Washington, D.C, US
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC Geneva, Switzerland.
International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia PEMSEA Quezon, Philippines

Important Organizations - Fisheries organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission APFIC Bangkok, Thailand.
Indian Ocean Tuna Commission IOTC Victoria, Seychelles.
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission IATTC San Diego, US.
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas ICCAT Madrid, Spain.
International Pacific Halibut Commission IPHC Seattle, USA
International Whaling Commission IWC Impington, Cambridge- UK.
North East Atlantic Fisheries Organization NEAFO Dartmouth, Canada.
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization NASCO Edinburgh, UK.
Pacific Salmon Commission PSC Vancouver
Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center SEAFDEC Bangkok, Thailand.
International Hydrographic Organization IHO Monaco.
International Seabed Authority ISA Kingston, Jamaica.
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea ICES Denmark.

Important Organizations - Other organizations:
Name ABB Headquarter
Colombo Plan Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Antarctic Treaty System ATS Washington, D.C, USA.
Intergovernmental Authority on Development IGAD Djibouti City.
International Court of Justice ICJ Netherlands.
International Criminal Court ICC Netherlands.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IFRC Geneva, Switzerland
International Organization for Migration IOM Geneva, Switzerland.
International Centre for Migration Policy Development ICMPD Vienna, Austria
World Toilet Organization WTO Singapore

shape Description

The International Organizations are formed by the duties made by the sovereign states and the motivation of these organizations is to bind the states to their responsibilities. Some International organizations are associated with part of states into conforming to their responsibilities.

shape IMF

International Monetary Fund (IMF):
The International Monetary Fund is an international organization, and was invented in July, 1944.

  • The IMF created during the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference. The IMF observes the global economy, and its aim is to economically strengthen its part of the countries.

  • The International organization was invented for promoting global monetary and exchange stability.

  • This is used to facilitate the expansion of International trade and facilitate the payments for current transactions.

  • The IMF is used to reduce volatility in the international balance of payment of member countries.

  • This is used to secure multilateral convertibility to convert the currency of any member into the currency of any other member.

  • The IMF includes 188 member countries and these members are represented through a quota system based on their global economy.

  • Several financial institutions have been invented to facilitate the investment for productive purposes and to advance since quite a while ago extended adjusted development of international trade at the international level.

  • The major international institutions are ASEAN, SAARC etc.

  • India is one of the organizational individuals from the IMF. The Finance minister is the ex-officio governor or the leading body of the governors of the IMF. The RBI governor is the substitute senator at the IMF.

  • The IMF provides short term loans to member countries.

Allocating quotas for the member country
S.No Country Quotas in %
1 USA 17.69%
2 Japan 6.56%
3 Germany 6.12%
4 France 4.51%
5 UK 4.51%
6 China 4%
7 Italy 3.31%
8 Saudi Arabia 2.93%
9 Canada 2.67%
10 Russia 2.50%
11 India 2.44%

shape World Bank

The World Bank is a group of five international organizations that make a utilized loan to poor countries.

  • This world bank is expanded from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). For this, it provides the postwar reconstruction and development to the present coordination with the international development association and other members of the World Bank Group.

  • The World Bank was established in July 1944 and the Headquarters in Washington D.C.

  • The World Bank includes 188 countries (IBRD), 172 countries are (IDA).

  • The President of the World bank is Jim Yong Kim appointed in 2012.

  • The principle goal is to provide financial help for the economic development and reconstruction of member nations.

  • This can be used to put the world on the path of development and it will try to reduce the number of poor in the world.

  • The objective includes to encouraging the international finance.

  • The World Bank has the ability of the government to deliver quality services, efficiency, and transparency.

The main concepts of the world bank are

  • Putting resources into individuals, especially through essential instruction, education, and Health.

  • This is used for protecting the environment and it supports and encourages the private development business.

  • This focuses on social development and inclusion governance and institution - building as key elements of poverty reduction.

The World bank includes five organizations are as follows. International bank for reconstruction and Development (IBRD):
  • The IBRD established in 1944 and it was associated with the United Nations in 1947.

  • In this 188 members are included to provide loans for developing countries, facilitate trade and capital investments.

  • The values of the IBRD are reduced the poverty and assistance in development.

International Development Association (IDA):
  • The IDA established in 1960.

  • This Includes 172 members and the vision is IDA financed operations deliver positive change among the poorest nations of the world. Lends money on concessional terms.

  • The values of the IDA is to help the poorest countries and the single largest donor if the funds to underdeveloped nations.

International Finance Corporation (IFC):
  • The IFC established in July 1956 and it was associated with the United Nations in 20th February, 1957.

  • This includes 184 members and the vision of IFC is people should have the opportunity to escape poverty and improve their lives.

  • The values of the IFC are excellence commitment, integrity, collaboration, and differences.

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA):
  • The MIGA established in 1988.

  • This includes 177 members are to promote foreign direct investment in developing countries by insurance, technology etc.

  • The values of the MIGA are protecting against risk, mediating discussions.

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID):
  • The ICSID established in 1966 and it includes 159 members.

  • The vision is to handle legal discussion between international investors and helps the executive for the question determination.

  • The values of ICSID are provide the arbitration and discussion resolution.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade:
  • The GATT was multilateral agreement regulating international trade and introduced to regulate world trade to assistance in the economic recovery.

  • The Main aim was to reduce the obstructions of global exchange through the reduction of tariffs, taxes.

  • The main purpose was the substantial reduction of traffics and other trade barriers and the elimination of preference on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis.

  • The GATT implemented in 1947 and lasted until 1994 and is replaced by the world trade organization in 1995.

  • The GATT is under the WTO framework to the modifications of GATT 1994.

World Trade Organization:
  • The WTO is the global international organization and handles the rules of trade between nations.

  • The main goal is to help plan of goods and services, exporters and importers conduct the business.

  • The WTO established in 1st January, 1955 and the headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

  • The WTO includes 160 members and created by Uruguary Round negotiation between 1986-1994.

The Functions of WTO

  • The WTO allocating the WTO trade agreements.

  • The WTO is used for a forum for trade negotiation.

  • The WTO can handle trade disputes and it can monitor national trade policies.

  • The technical assistance and training for developing countries.

  • India is one of the member of the WTO and India can separate from WTO at any time.

  • India in recent years has emerged as the leader of developing countries and India has changed the economic decision of WTO.

  • WTO, India become more attractive to foreign investors has helped India to attract foreign investment.

  • India is one of the member, goods and services have been significant growth.

  • The WTO includes 160 members with Russia and Vanuatu were joined in the WTO in 2012.

  • The UNIDO stands for United Nations Industrial Development Organization is the particular agency of the United nations that cooperates industrial development to reduce poverty, comprehensive globalization and environmental sustainability.
  • The UNIDO is to sponsor and promote and advanced comprehensive and sustainable industrial development in developing countries and economies in transaction.

Bank for International Settlements (BIS):
  • The mission is an international organization to serve central banks in their inquiry of monetary and financial stability.

  • The BIS is used to encourage the international cooperation of central banks and international monetary policy.

  • The BIS established in 17th May, 1930 and the headquarters are located in Basel, Switzerland and other main offices are Hong Kong especial Administrative region of the People's Republic of China and in Mexico City.

  • The BIS is the World's oldest international financial organization and it was created to allocate the transaction of money.

  • The main goal of BIS is to provide the information sharing and to be a central point for economic research.

  • The WIPO stands for the World Intellectual Property Organization is one of the particular agencies of the United Nations and founded in 1967.

  • The Head office is located in Geneva, Switzerland and the main goal is to lead the development of original, creative intellectual property system.

Food and Agriculture Organisation:
  • The FAO is an agency of the United nations that starts international achievements to breakdown hunger.

  • It can serve for developed and developing countries and the headquarters of FAO are located in Rome, in the former seat of the Department of Italian East Africa.

  • The ILO stands for International Labor Organisation, established in 1919 to seek a view based on the basis that global, lasting peace can be founded based on social justice.

  • It is the first specialized agency of the UN in 1945.

  • This includes 193 members,in that 185 members belongs to UN states.

International Fund for Agricultural Development :
  • It is a special agency for the United Nations, was founded as an International financial Institution in 1977.

Asian Development Bank:
  • The ADB is a regional development bank and it was created nearly on the World Bank and It is a similar weighted voting system.

  • The ADB established on 22nd August 1966 and the headquarters are in Manila, Philippines.

  • The ADB includes 67 members, in that 48 area from Asia and Pacific and rest of 19 from outside of the world.

  • The main goal is to reduce the poverty in Asia and Pacific, that gives a particular attention to the necessity of the smaller or less- developed countries and preference to regional,sub-regional and national programs.

  • This is mainly used to promote the social and economic progress of the Asian and Pacific region.

  • This can provide the economic development of Asian countries.

SAARC preferential Trading Arrangement (SAPTA):
  • The SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement established in 1997 by an Inter-Governmental Group in Colombo.

  • The SAPTA was signed on 11th April 1993 and started from 7th December 1995.

  • The SAPTA has included products, manufactures, and commodities in their raw, semi-processed and processed forms.

shape Important IO

International Organization Headed By Head Quarters
United Nations Organization Antonio Guterres, Sec General New York
International Monetary Fund Christine Lagarde Washington D.C, Columbia
World Bank About Jim Yong Kim Washington D.C, Columbia
World Trade Organization Roberto Azevêdo Geneva, Switzerland
New Development Bank, BRICKS K. V. Kamath Shanghai, Chennai
UNESCO Audrey Azoulay, Director General Paris, France
International Court of Justice Abdulqawi Yusuf, President Peace Palace, Netherlands
UN General Assembly Miroslav Lajčák, President New York, U.S.
Asian Development Bank Takehiko Nakao, President Mandaluyong, Phillipines
World Health Organization Tedros Adhanom, Director General Geneva, Switzerland
International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach, President Lausanne, Switzerland
International Atomic Yukiya Amano, Director General Vienna, Austria
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO Jens Stoltenberg, Sec General Brussels, Belgium
ASEAN Lim Jock Hoi, Sec General Jakartha, Indonesia
SAARC Amjad Hussain B. Sial Kathamandu

shape Quiz

1. Headquarter of World Bank is located at __________
    A. Washington D.C. B. Geneva C. Luanda D. Japan

Answer: Option A
2. IMF was established in __________
    A. 30 November, 1948 B. 27 December, 1945 C. 19 July, 1947 D. 20 July, 1946

Answer: Option B
3. How many member countries includes in the 'World Bank'?
    A. 185 B. 187 C. 188 D. 186

Answer: Option C
4. The World Bank incorporates with __________
    A. International Bank for Reconstructions and Development B. International Development Association C. International Finance Corporation D. All the above

Answer: Option D
5. The present President of World Bank is __________
    A. Barack Obama B. James Wolfensohn C. Shinjo Chain D. Jim Yong Kim

Answer: Option D