# NIACL AO Specialist Reasoning

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# NIACL AO Specialist Reasoning

### Introduction

NIACL AO 2018-19 - Main Examination for Specialist, conducted in online Mode, has: a duration of 2 hours, a maximum score of 200 marks and consists of 5 sections, namely - Reasoning, English Language, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude and Specialist Stream (Professional knowledge). There is a Negative marking in NIACL AO Main exam and 0.25 marks are deducted for each wrong answer. Candidates must clear the cut-off in all the sections to qualify for the next stage. The below sections gives the detailed information about NIACL AO Specialist Reasoning Main Exam.

### Pattern

S.No. Name of Test (not in sequence) Type of test Maximum Marks Medium of Exam Duration
1 Test of Reasoning Objective 40 English/ Hindi 120 min
2 Test of English Language Objective 40 English
3 Test of General Awareness Objective 40 English/ Hindi
4 Test of Quantitative Aptitude Objective 40 English/ Hindi
5 In Specialist stream, an additional test to assess technical & professional knowledge in the relevant discipline Objective 40 English/ Hindi
Total (Aggregate) 200

The NIACL AO Specialist Reasoning Main Exam, has the objective questions with 40 marks. Below mentioned are the different categories of expected questions in the Main Exam of NIACL AO Specialist Reasoning Section.

### Samples

Directions (1-5): Study the following arrangement of numbers, symbols and letters carefully and answer the questions.
J K & @ T 7 R 1 + % 5 6 S K \$ ? L * A 9 Q # D !
1. How many symbols are between T and S?

A. 2 B. 4 C. 3 D. 1 E. None of these

Explanation: J K & @ T 7 R 1 + % 5 6 S K \$ ? L * A 9 Q # D ! There are two symbols between T and S.
2. If all the numbers are dropped from the arrangement then which of the following, what will be the fourth element from the left of fourth element from the right end of the given arrangement?

A. \$ B. L C. * D. ? E. None of these

Explanation: If all the numbers are dropped from the arrangement then the arrangement would be like, J K & @ T R + % S K \$ ? L * A Q # D ! So, the fourth element from the left of fourth element from the right end of the given arrangement is ‘?’.
3. What is the sum of the numbers between ‘K’ and ‘L’ in the given arrangement?

A. 16 B. 17 C. 19 D. 21 E. None of these

Explanation: J K& @ T 7 R 1 + % 5 6 S K \$ ?L * A 9 Q # D ! So, the sum of the numbers between K and L is 19.
4. If the numbers between ‘\$’ and ‘R’ are multiplied, then which of the following numbers is obtained?

A. 50 B. 60 C. 30 D. 35 E. None of these

Explanation: J K & @ T 7 R 1 + % 5 6 S K \$ ? L * A 9 Q # D ! When the numbers between \$ and R are multiplied, then the product obtained is 30.
5. If all the alphabets are dropped from the arrangement then which of the following, will be sixth element from the right end of the given arrangement?

A. 5 B. \$ C. ? D. # E. None of these

Explanation: J K & @ T 7 R 1 + % 5 6 S K \$ ? L * A 9 Q # D ! If all the alphabets are dropped from the arrangement then the arrangement would be like, & @ 7 1 + % 5 6 \$ ? * 9 # ! So, the sixth element from the right end of the given arrangement is “\$”.
Directions (1-2): Answer questions on the basis of information given in the following case
Karim’s was a popular fast-food joint at Hauz Khas, Delhi. Initially Karim handled his business alone. His sons, Iqbal and Ahmed, joined the business after graduation from college. Iqbal was entrepreneurial in nature. Subsequently, another branch of Karim’s was opened in Ambala. Karim had chosen Iqbal to head the Ambala branch. Though Iqbal increased sales in short time, he had stopped using premium quality organic vegetables, the speciality of Karim’s. Karim and Ahmed were not happy with his way of doing business.
Now, the foremost challenge for Karim was to sort out this issue with Iqbal. Karim knew that replacing Iqbal with Ahmed was difficult as Ahmed did not want to leave Delhi. However, giving a freehand to Iqbal might have long term negative consequences. Karim was confused about the future of course of actions.
1. Karim sought the help of five consultants, who give the following opinions?
I. Organic vegetables might be a big success at Hauz Khas but awareness about organic vegetables is low among Ambala customers. II. The Hauz Khas model can be implemented in Ambala provided the business is prepared to face the consequences. III. Many high end restaurants in Ambala use organic vegetables. So, using organic vegetables will not be a differentiating factor. IV. Selling prices of their dishes in Ambala are significantly lower. Using organic vegetables will bring down profits. V. Premium quality organic vegetables are not easily available in Ambala.
Karim sought feedback from a few of his businessmen friends, who were familiar with both the branches. Here is what they said
— Businessman 1: Customers of Hauz Khas and Ambala are very different. — Businessman 2: Customers in Ambala are extremely happy with Iqbal’s behavior. — Businessman 3: Ambala branch does not use the same quality of ingredients but maintains good hygiene and taste. — Businessman 4: Who knows, tomorrow the customers of Ambala might also appreciate what Hauz Khas customers appreciate today!
If Karim thinks all these are valid concerns, which of the following actions would be best for the business

A. Training Ahmed to replace Iqbal in a few months. B. Not worrying about ingredients as long as business grows. C. Bringing Iqbal to Hauz Khas branch. D. Naming the Ambala branch as ‘Rain’s’, and changing it back to Mo1zan when needed. E. Asking Ahmed to run the Ambala branch.

2. After discussing with a few customers, Karim realized that compromising on the quality of ingredients at Ambala branch may not be good idea but at the same time he also realized that Ambala branch had grown fast. He was contemplating following five actions. Which of the following actions would be the best for the future of his business?

A. Creating awareness campaign for organic vegetables in Ambala. B. Karim himself should take after the Ambala branch. C. Close down the Ambala branch. D. Send Ahmed to Ambala branch and bring Iqbal to Hauz Khas perma E. Hire a new person to run the Ambala branch.

Directions (3-5): Read the following case-let and choose the best alternative for the questions that follow:
Dilip Sanghvi was the head of a pharmaceutical company that was trying to develop a new product. Sanghvi, along with his friend Sudhir Valia, assessed that such products had mixed success. Sanghvi and Valia realized that if a new product (a medicine) was a success, it may result in sales of 100 crores but if it is unsuccessful, the sales may be only 20 crores. They further assessed that a new medicine was likely to be successful 50% of times. Cost of launching the new medicine was likely to be 50 crores.
3. How much profit can the company expect to earn if it launches the new medicine (suppose there are no additional costs)?

A. 12 crores B. 10 crores C. 10.5 crores D. 11 crores E. 11.5 crores

4. If the product is launched after favorable test marketing results, how much profit can the company expect to make (Assume there are no additional costs)?

A. 11.5 crores B. 10 crores C. 8.5 crores D. 13.8 crores E. None of the above

5. What is the probability of product failure if Sanghvi and Valia decide to test market it?

A. 0.21 B. 0.35 C. 0.14 D. 0.28 E. Cannot be computed

Directions (1-5): Study the following set of questions carefully and answer the questions given below
1. If A \$ B means A is the brother of B; B * C means B is the son of C; C @ D means C is the wife of D and A # D means A is the son of D, how C is related to A?

A. Maternal grandmother B. Maternal aunt C. Aunt D. Mother

2. Pointing to a girl Sandeep said, "She is the daughter of the only sister of my father." How is sandeep related to the girl?

A. Uncle B. Cousin C. Father D. Grandfather

3. Pointing to a boy in the photograph Reena said, "He is the only son of the only child of my grandfather." How Reena is related to that boy?

A. Mother B. Sister C. Aunt D. Cannot be determined

4.
A * B means A is the sister of B A \$ B means B is the mother of A A + B means A is the brother of B A = B means B is the father of A.
Which of the following means M is the maternal uncle of N?

A. M = P + Q * N B. N + P = Q * M C. N * P \$ Q * M D. None of these

5. Pointing to Gopi, Nalni says, "I am the daughter of the only son of his grandfather." How Nalni is related to Gopi?

A. Niece B. Daughter C. Sister D. Cannot be determined

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
In a certain code language:
“How the long star” is written as ‘ 1WI 1EU 2GM 2RT’ “much migrated towards paid” is written as ‘2HN 2DQ 5SU 6DN’ “Wait recorded from changes” is written as ‘6DS 2MG 2TX 5SD’
1. In the given coding language, which of the following will be the code for “Prepared”?

A. 6EN B. 4UY C. 4RD D. 6DQ E. None of these

1. In the given coding language, which of the following will be the code for “Prepared”?

A. 6EN B. 4UY C. 4RD D. 6DQ E. None of these

The following information is similar for questions (1 - 5).
1st letter of the code:- Total number of letters in a word – 2 2nd letter of the code:- Last letter of word 3rd letter of the code:- Next letter of 1st letter (in the alphabetical series) of word. M U C H - 2 (total number of letter=4) H (Last letter of the word) N (Next letter of M)
2. In the given coding language, which of the following will be the code for “strangers”?

A. 5DR B. 6DN C. 7RK D. 7SU E. None of these

3. Which of the following words could be coded as “3KC 6CN”?

A. Death Magnetic B. Black Magic C. Black Magnetic D. Track Progress E. None of these

4. Which of the following will be the code for ‘Metal’?

A. 5ON B. 3LM C. 3LN D. 5QL E. None of these

5. Which of the following words could be coded as “6HN”?

A. Revolution B. Megadeth C. Hinder D. Slaughter E. None of these

Directions (1-5): Study the following questions and answer them.
1. Y is in the East of X which is in the North of Z. If P is in the South of Z, then in which direction of Y, is P?

A. North B. South C. South-East D. None of these

2. If South-East becomes North, North-East becomes West and so on. What will West become?

A. North-East B. North-West C. South-East D. South-West

3. A man walks 5 km toward south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. Now in which direction is he from the starting place?

A. West B. South C. North-East D. South-West

4. Rahul put his timepiece on the table in such a way that at 6 P.M. hour hand points to North. In which direction the minute hand will point at 9.15 P.M.?

A. South-East B. South C. North D. West

5. Rasik walked 20 m towards north. Then he turned right and walks 30 m. Then he turns right and walks 35 m. Then he turns left and walks 15 m. Finally he turns left and walks 15 m. In which direction and how many meters is he from the starting position?

A. 15 m West B. 30 m East C. 30 m West D. 45 m East

Directions (1-5): In each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and Give answer
1. What is the code for 'sky' in the code language ?
Statements:
I. In the code language, 'sky is clear' is written as 'de ra fa'. II. In the same code language, 'make it clear' is written as 'de ga jo'.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient C. Either I or II is sufficient D. Neither I nor II is sufficient E. Both I and II are sufficient

2. How many children are there between P and Q in a row of children ?
Statements:
I. P is fifteenth from the left in the row. II. Q is exactly in the middle and there are ten children towards his right.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient C. Either I or II is sufficient D. Neither I nor II is sufficient E. Both I and II are sufficient

3. How is T related to K ?
Statements:
I. R's sister J has married Ts brother L, who is the only son of his parents. II. K is the only daughter of L and J.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient C. Either I or II is sufficient D. Neither I nor II is sufficient E. Both I and II are sufficient

4. How is J related to P?
Statements:
I. M is brother of P and T is sister of P. II. P's mother is married to J's husband who has one son and two daughters.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient C. Either I or II is sufficient D. Neither I nor II is sufficient E. Both I and II are sufficient

5. How is X related to Y?
Statements:
I. Y and Z are children of D who is wife of X. II. R's sister X is married to Ys father.

A. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient B. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient C. Either I or II is sufficient D. Neither I nor II is sufficient E. Both I and II are sufficient

Directions (1-4): Study the following question carefully and Choose the right answer.
1. Statement: R ≥ T = Q Z
Conclusion: I. Z T

A. Only II, III and IV are true B. Only I, III and IV are true C. Only I and II are true D. Only II and IV are true E. None of these

Explanation: R ≥ T = Q Z …….(iii) Combining all the statements, we get Z < L = S ≥ R ≥ T = Q < M Thus, Z T is true. L ≥ Q is true.
2. Statement: S ≤ L ≤ I = P > E > R; L > Q
Conclusion: I. P ≥ S II. I > R

A. Only Conclusion I is true B. Either Conclusion I or II is true C. Only Conclusion II is true D. Only II and IV are true E. Neither conclusion I nor II is true

3. Statement: G > R ≥ E = A ≤ T ≤ S; D ≤ A ≤ J
Conclusion: I. T ≥ D II. R > S

A. Only Conclusion II is true B. Neither conclusion I nor II is true C. Only conclusion I is true D. Either conclusion I or II is true E. Both conclusion I or II are true

4. Statement: A ≥ B > C ≤ D ≤ E < F
Conclusion: I. A ≥ E II. C < F

A. Only conclusion I is true B. Either conclusion I or II is true C. Neither conclusion I nor II is true D. Only conclusion II is true E. Both conclusion I and II are true

Direction: Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below.
‘P % Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q.’ ‘P * Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q.’ ‘P δ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q.’ ‘P \$ Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q.’ ‘P © Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q.’
5. Statement: D \$ T, T % M, M * J
Conclusion: I. J δ D II. M © D

A. if only conclusion I is true B. if only conclusion II is true C. if either conclusion I or II is true D. if neither conclusion I nor II is true E. if both conclusions I and II are true

Directions (1-5): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearrnges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illstation of input and rearrangement.
Input: 51 pour 31 star new 23 47 home Step 1 : 23 51 pour 31 star new 47 home Step 2 : 23 star 51 pour 31 new 47 home Step 3 : 23 star 31 51 pour new 47 home Step 4 : 23 star 31 pour 51 new 47 home Step 5 : 23 star 31 pour 47 51 new home Step 6 : 23 star 31 pour 47 new 51 home As per the rule followed in the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
1. Step 2 of Input is: 18 task bear cold duck 81 64 32
How many more steps will be complete the rearrangement?

A. Three B. Four C. Five D. Six

Explanation: Step 2: 72 59 37 go for picnic 24 journey Step 3: 18 task 32 bear cold duck 81 64 Step 4: 18 task 32 duck bear cold 81 64 Step 5: 18 task 32 duck 64 bear cold 81 Step 6: 18 task 32 duck 64 cold bear 81 Step 7: 18 task 32 duck 64 cold 81 bear
2. Input: 18 task bear cold duck 81 64 32
How many more steps will be complete the rearrangement?

A. Three B. Four C. Five D. Six

Explanation: Step 1: 24 72 59 37 go for picnic journey Step 2: 24 picnic 72 59 37 go for journey Step 3: 24 picnic 37 72 59 go for journey Step 4: 24 picnic 37 journey 72 59 go for Step 5: 24 picnic 37 journey 59 72 go for Step 6: 24 picnic 37 journey 59 go 72 for
3. Input: nick flower 37 14 cost height 42 57
which of the following will be step 3?

A. 14 nick 37 height flower cost 42 57 B. 14 nick 37 height 42 flower cost 57 C. 14 nick 37 flower cost height 42 57 D. 14 nick flower 37 cost height 42 57

Explanation: Step 1: 14 nick flower 37 cost height 42 57 Step 2: 14 nick 37 flower cost height 42 57 Step 3: 14 nick 37 height flower cost 42 57
4. Step 2 of an input is : 17 victory 19 37 58 store like town
which of the following will be step 3?

A. 17 victory 19 town store 37 58 like B. 17 victory 19 town 37 store 58 like C. 17 victory 19 town 37 58 store like D. There will be no such step

Explanation: Step 2: 17 victory 19 37 58 store like town Step 3: 17 victory 19 town 37 58 store like Step 4: 17 victory 19 town 37 store 58 like Step 4 is the last step.
5. Step 3 of an input is : 36 window 45 96 86 ultra book queen
which of the following will be step 3?

A. Three B. Four C. Five D. Six

Explanation: Step 3: 36 window 45 96 86 ultra book queen Step 4: 36 window 45 ultra 96 86 book queen Step 5: 36 window 45 ultra 86 96 book queen Step 6: 36 window 45 ultra 86 queen 96 book
Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2).
1. Statements: All the actors are girls. All the girls are beautiful. Conclusions: All the actors are beautiful. Some girls are actors.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows B. Only (2) conclusion follows C. Either (1) or (2) follows D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows E. Both (1) and (2) follow

2. Statements: All the windows are doors. No door is a wall. Conclusions: Some windows are walls. No wall is a door.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows B. Only (2) conclusion follows C. Either (1) or (2) follows D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows E. Both (1) and (2) follow

3. Statements: All cups are books. All books are shirts. Conclusions: Some cups are not shirts. Some shirts are cups.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows B. Only (2) conclusion follows C. Either (1) or (2) follows D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows E. Both (1) and (2) follow

4. Statements: Some cows are crows. Some crows are elephants. Conclusions: Some cows are elephants. All crows are elephants.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows B. Only (2) conclusion follows C. Either (1) or (2) follows D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows E. Both (1) and (2) follow

5. Statements: All the pencils are pens. All the pens are inks. Conclusions: All the pencils are inks. Some inks are pencils.

A. Only (1) conclusion follows B. Only (2) conclusion follows C. Either (1) or (2) follows D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Directions (1-4): Study the following information carefully and answer the following question.
A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting in a row facing North : A. F is to the immediate right of E. B. E is 4th to the right of G. C. C is the neighbor of B and D. D. Person who is third to the left of D is at one of ends.
1. Who are to the left of C

A. Only B B. G, B and D C. G and B D. D, E, F and A

2. Which of the following statement is not true

A. E is to the immediate left of D B. A is at one of the ends C. G is to the immediate left of B D. F is second to the right of D

3. Who are the neighbors of B

A. C and D B. C and G C. G and F D. C and E

4. What is the position of A

A. Between E and D B. Extreme left C. Center D. Extreme right

Answer: Option (D) Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the following question.
Six friends are sitting in a circle and are facing the center of the circle. Deepa is between Prakash and Pankaj. Priti is between Mukesh and Lalit. Prakash and Mukesh are opposite to each other.
5. Who is sitting right to Prakash

A. Mukesh B. Deepa C. Pankaj D. Lalit

Directions (1-5): Study the following questions and answer carefully.
1. On taking delivery of a consignment of eggs the market stall owner was furious to find that several were cracked. In fact, on counting them up in order to assess the damage he found that 72 were cracked, which was 12 per cent of the total consignment. How many eggs in total were in the consignment

A. 500 B. 600 C. 400 D. 300

Explanation: = 72 ÷ 12 × 100 = 600.
2. At college, 70% of the students studied Maths, 75% studied English, 85% studied French and 80% studied German. What percentage at least must have studied all 4

A. 10 B. 11 C. 12 D. 13

3. A card player holds 13 cards of four suits, of which seven are black and six are red. There are twice as many hearts as clubs and twice as many diamonds as hearts. How many spades does he hold

A. 5 B. 6 C. 4 D. 3

Explanation: The player holds 1 club, 2 hearts and 4 diamonds. As he holds 13 cards (or seven black cards), it follows that there must be 6 spades.
4. What letter comes two to the right of the letter which is immediately to the left of the letter that comes three to the right of the letter that comes midway between the letter two to the left of the letter C and the letter immediately to the right of the letter F

A. I B. F C. G D. H

5. Every station on the railway system sells tickets to every other station. Some new stations were added. 46 sets of additional sets of tickets were required. How many new stations have been added? How many stations were there originally

A. 2 new stations B. 3 new stations C. 4 new stations D. 5 new stations

Directions(1 - 2): Study the following information carefully and answer the below questions.
After months of talent searching for an Administrative Assistant to the President of the college, the field of applicants has been narrowed down to five (A, B, C, D, and E, ). It was announced that the finalist would be chosen after holding a series of all day group personal interviews. The examining committee agreed upon the following procedure: (I) Interviews will be held once a week. (II) Not more than three candidates will appear at any all-day interview session. (III) Each candidate will appear at least once. (IV) If it becomes necessary to call applicants for additional interview, then not more than one such applicant should be asked to appear the next week. (V) Because of a detail in the written application, it was agreed that whenever Candidate B appears, A should also be present. (VI) Because of the travel difficulties, it was agreed that C will appear for only one interview.
1. Which of the following is a possible sequence of combinations for interviews in two successive weeks

A. ABC:ABE B. ABC:BDE C. ADE:ABC D. BDE:ACD E. None of these

2. If A, B and D appear at the interview and D is called for an additional interview the following week, then which two candidates may be asked to appear with D
I. A II. B III. C IV. E

A. I and III only B. I and II only C. II and III only D. III and IV only E. None of these

Directions(3 - 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the below questions.
Seven employees namely - A, B, C, D, E, F and G work in an organisation. Each of them has a different weekly off from Monday to Sunday. A’s weekly off is on the next day of D’s weekly off. There are one day gap between D’s weekly off and C’s weekly off. C’s weekly off is neither on Monday nor on Sunday. E’s weekly off on Wednesday. G’s weekly off is on the next day of F’s weekly off but is not on Tuesday. B’s weekly off is not on Sunday.
3. If F is related to C, similarly A is related to B then G is related to which of the following

A. C B. E C. B D. D E. None of these

4. If B, E, A form a series based on their positions in the given weekly day off, then which of the following person will come next in this series?

A. D B. A C. C D. E E. G

5. If all the employees are assigned to take weekly off in Alphabetical order from Monday to Sunday, then how many employees weekly off will not change?

A. None B. 1 C. 2 D. 3 E. 5

Directions ( 1- 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the below questions.
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
1. ZA5, Y4B, XC6, W3D, _____?

A. E7V B. V2E C. VE5 D. VE7

Explanation: There are three series to look for here. The first letters are alphabetical in reverse: Z, Y, X, W, V. The second letters are in alphabetical order, beginning with A. The number series is as follows: 5, 4, 6, 3, 7.
2. QPO, NML, KJI, _____, EDC?

A. HGF B. CAB C. JKL D. GHI

Explanation: This series consists of letters in a reverse alphabetical order.
3. JAK, KBL, LCM, MDN, _____?

A. OEP B. NEO C. MEN D. PFQ

Explanation: This is an alternating series in alphabetical order. The middle letters follow the order ABCDE. The first and third letters are alphabetical beginning with J. The third letter is repeated as a first letter in each subsequent three-letter segment.
4. BCB, DED, FGF, HIH, ___ ?

A. JKJ B. HJH C. IJI D. JHJ