Solar Eclipse 2020 | June 21 | Tips To Watch Safely
Solar Eclipse 2020: The annular eclipse, also known as the 'ring of fire' is set to occur on June 21, 2020. In India, Solar Eclipse is commonly termed as 'Surya Grahan', and is a phenomenon awaited by scores of sky gazers and the eclipse on June 21, 2020 will be the first Surya Grahan of this year. The central path of the 2020 June annular eclipse passes through parts of African continent including Central African Republic, Congo, and Ethiopia; south of Pakistan and northern India; and China. [ Source: Wikipedia ]
What is Solar Eclipse?
A solar eclipse is observed when the moon passes between the Earth and the Sun. During the Surya Grahan phenomenon, the image of the Sun is totally or partly obscured. i.e. A solar eclipse occurs when a portion of the Earth is engulfed in a shadow cast by the Moon which fully or partially blocks sunlight. This occurs when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned. Such alignment coincides with a new moon indicating the Moon is closest to the ecliptic plane. In the case of an annual solar eclipse, the moon's apparent diameter is smaller than that of the Sun. The phenomenon also blocks most of the sunlight, causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometers wide.
The solar eclipses can be divided into three categories - total, partial, and annular. A total solar eclipse is witnessed when the moon passes between the Earth and the Sun. In a partial eclipse, the moon covers a part of the Sun and makes the leftover Sun visible. Lastly, during an annular solar eclipse, the Moon covers the Sun fully, but due to its relatively small size, the out ring of the Sun is completely visible to the people.
Solar Eclipse 2020: Visibility
The Solar Eclipse 2020 will be visible through the Central African Republic, Congo, Ethiopia, southern Pakistan, Northern India, and China. A partial eclipse will be visible in the north and east Africa, in the south-east of Europe, most of Asia (except the north part of Russia) and in the north of Australia just before sunset. In Europe, the partial eclipse will visible for places southeast of the line roughly passing through Perugia, Miskolc, Lviv, and Yaroslavl.
Solar Eclipse 2020: Time
The Solar Eclipse 2020 will begin at 9:15 AM (IST) and will continue till 3:04 PM on June 21. The best of the solar eclipse will be visible at 12:10 PM.
Will Solar Eclipse 2020 be visible in India?
The Solar Eclipse 2020 will be witnessed in India. The Surya Grahan will begin at 10:12 AM near Gharsana in Rajasthan. The annular phase will begin around 11:49 am and end at 11:50 am, Director of the MP Birla Planetarium Debi Prasad Duari said. The "ring of fire" can best be seen, just for a minute, from Suratgarh and Anupgarh in Rajasthan, Sirsa, Ratia, and Kurukshetra in Haryana, and Dehradun, Chamba, Chamoli and Joshimath in Uttarakhand.
According to NASA, the Moon will block 99.4 percent of the Sun at its peak and will be visible very well from Northern India.
This year we will witness three more eclipses - the first two are lunar eclipse in July and November and the third one will be a solar eclipse in December.
How to view the Solar Eclipse 2020
According to experts, one should never directly look at the Sun at the time of a solar eclipse. Skygazers must and should watch the Sun through a box projector or use binoculars or telescope to watch the solar eclipse.
Are there any other solar eclipses in 2020?
The year 2020 will witness two solar eclipses. The first one will be witnessed on June 21, while the next one will be witnessed on December 14.
How many eclipses will there be in 2020?
The year 2020 has 6 eclipses, 2 solar eclipses, and 4 lunar eclipses.