|Botany Important Terms
|It is a substance which release hydrogen ions in water aand has a pH less than 7, e.g. Hydrochloric acid in the human stomach.
|It is the period in the human life cycle between puberty and maturity.
|In food technology, any natural or artificial chemical added to prolong the shelf life of processed foods (salt or nitrates), alter the colour or flavour of food, or minerals).
|It is an organisation which requires oxygen to survive.
|It is a jelly obtained from seaweeds which is used as a medium for culturing bacteria.
|A large group of primitive plants, mostly aquatic and capable of photosynthesis.
| It is cross-fertilization.
|It is the study of the structure of the body and its components parts, especially the human body, as distinguished form physiology, which is the study of bodily functions.
|It is a substance, synthesizes by micro organism, which damages or kills other micro organism.
|In a flower, the upper part of a stamen containing pollen grains.
|It means living in water. All life originated in the early oceans.
|It is reproduction in which new organisms are formed a single parent without gamete production.
|It means self fertilization.
|It is a pressure cooker used for the sterilization of materials.
|These are plant hormones which control many aspects of plant growth.
|It is an apparatus used to isolate organisms living in soil water, e.g. algae protozoa.
|It is the diet that includes carbohydrated, protein, fat, vitamins, water, minerals and roughage.
|These are the flora and fauna of the bottom of oceans and lakes.
|It is inflammation of the nerve endings, mostly occurring in the tropics and resulting from a deficiency of vitamin B (thiamine).
|It is the study of living things. There are many specializations including cytology (the study of cells), zoology (the study of animals), and ecology (the study of the environment).
|It is the industrial use of living organisms to manufacture food, drugs or other products.
|It is a kind of fuel which is made from natural materials or waste.
|It is the total weight of all the organisms in a particular habitat.
|It is the entire zone of air, land and water at the surface of the earth that is occupied by living things.
|It is an organ of storages and vegetative reproduction.
|It is a mildly addictive alkaloid found in a number of plants, such as tea, coffee and cola.
|It is the spontaneous movement of liquids up or down narrow tubes such as plant xylem vessels or the spaces existing between soil particles.
|These are sharp pointed tearing teeth near the front of the mouth used for killing prey and ripping of pieces of food.
|It is the source of a fibre and drugs like hashish and marijuana. Also called the Indian hemp or bhang plant.
|It is a flexible bluish-white connective tissue made up of the protein collagen.
|It is the main protein of milk, from which it can be separated by the action of acid, the enzyme rennin, or bacteria (souring); It is also the main component of cheese.
| It is the female reproductive organ of a flower (megas-poprophyII) bearing the ovules which mature into seeds after fertilization.
|It is the smallest functional and structural unit of all living organisms.
|It is the grass grown for its edible starch seeds. The term cereal refers primarily to barley and wheat, but may also refer to oats, maize, rye, millet and rice.
| It is the green coloured pigment university found in plants, responsible for capturing the energy for photosynthesis.
|It is the collar bone, in humans, it is vulnerable to fracture.
|It is the transparent front section of the eye. The cornea is curved and behaves as a fixed lens, so that light entering the eye is partly focused before it reaches the lends.
|It is a collective name for the petals of a flower.
| It is the number of deaths, measured in the human population as the number of deaths in one year per 1000 of population.
|These are trees and shrubs that shed their leaves before the onset of winter or a dry season.
|It is a chemical sprayed on plants that causes leaves to fall of prematurely.
|It is the natural or man made conversation of arable or forest land into barren deserts.
|It is a human abnormality caused by a mutation in which the ovum has an extra chromosome.
|It is the study of structure and function of nature.
|It is a cold-blooded animal, such as a lizard, that relies on external warmth to raise its body temperature so that it can become active.
|It is the removal of undigested food or faeces from the gut.
|It is a biological catalyst produced in cells and capable of speeding up the chemical reactions necessary for life by converting one molecule (substrate) into another.
|It is the outermost layers of cells on an organism’s body.
|These are remains of food and other debris passed out of the digestive tract of animals.
|It is a tube or oviduct in mammals one of the two tubes that carry ova (eggs) from the ovary to the uterus.
|It is an insoluble blood protein used by the body to stop bleeding.
|These are remains or traces of animal and plant life of the past found embedded in rock.
|It is the fuel such as coal, oil and natural gas. These are remains of organism embedded in the surface of the earth.
|These are primitive members of the plant family.
|It is a kind of living thing, a simple plant which cannot make its own food.
|It is the process of uniting parts of two plants to form a single plant.
|It is the locality or external environment in which a plant or animal lives.
|It is an organism or structure having a single set of unpaired chromosomes.
|It is an organized collection of plant specimens for identification and reference purposes.
|It is an organism having both male and female reproductive organs in the same individual.
|It is a branch of agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables and ornamentals.
|It is the structure in the vertebrate eye which controls the size of the pupil and hence the amount of light entering the eye.
|It describes all the change that happens inside living things.
|These are the three tiny linked bones in the mammalian middle ear.
|It is a somewhat oval body attached to the ovary wall in a flower which matures into a seed after fertilization.
|It is a biological association between organisms in which one, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
|It is in mammals, the ceiling of the mouth.
|It is an animal that feeds on other animals which are called the prey.
|It is the method of finding out the age of fossils by determining the amount of radiocarbon remaining in them.
|It is light-sensitive tissue lining the interior of the vertebrate eye, and consisting of two types of cells.
|It is an organ of vegetative reproduction in flowering plants consisting of a horizontal underground stem growing from a parent plant.
|It is part of a flowering plant that normally grows down into the soil.
|It is a grassland with scattered trees.
|It is an organism that feeds on dead and decaying plants and animals, causing decomposition.
|It is Myopia.
|It is the relocation of seedlings from nursery beds to the actual site of plantation.
|It is a plant growth movement in response to a stimulus, for example, light.
|It is an organ of vegetative reproduction in flowering plants.