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Current Affairs December 19th 2018

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Current Affairs December 19th 2018

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Current Affairs is a type of broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of news stories that have recently occurred or ongoing at the time of broadcast. The article Current Affairs December 19th 2018 includes News summary on current events of International, National, Banking, Sports Awards, Appointments, Books Obituary and Quiz importance of December 19th 2018.

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International Migrants Day 2018

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Key Highlights:

  • The International Migrants Day 2018 observed on 18th December across the world. In accordance with the Resolution 55/93 of the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA), the International Migrants Day is observed every year on 18 December. The Resolution 55/93 was adopted by UN on 4th December 2000.

  • The theme of International Migrants Day 2018 is “Migration with Dignity”. The United Nations have given a call for migration that is safe, regular and dignified for everyone.

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Pakistan releases Indian engineer Hamid Ansari after 6 years

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Key Highlights:

  • Pakistan has released 33-year-old Indian national, Hamid Ansari, after he spent three years in jail on charges of possessing false documents.

  • An engineer by profession, Ansari was arrested in 2012 after he allegedly illegally entered Pakistan to meet a woman he befriended online.

  • In 2015, a military court gave him a three-year jail sentence, which he completed on December 15.
2018 worst year for violence, abuse against journalists: Report

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Key Highlights:

  • The year 2018 has been the worst for violence and abuse against journalists, according to Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

  • A total of 80 journalists were killed, 348 others were jailed and 60 others were held hostage this year, the report claimed.

  • Afghanistan was named the deadliest country for journalists, while China remains the biggest jailer of journalists.
Pakistan organises US-Taliban peace talks

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Key Highlights:

  • Pakistan has organised peace talks between the US and Afghan Taliban with an aim to end the Afghan war. Representatives from Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and the UAE are also attending the three-day talks in Abu Dhabi.

  • The Pakistan-facilitated talks come after US President Donald Trump called upon Pakistan PM Imran Khan to help end the war in Afghanistan.
Russia builds new barracks on disputed islands near Japan

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Key Highlights:

  • Russia has said that it has built new barracks on a disputed chain of islands near Japan.

  • Russia plans to move troops next week into housing complexes on two of the four islands, known in Japan as the Northern Territories and as the Kuril Islands in Russia.

  • Soviet forces had seized the islands at the end of World War II.

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National Cancer Institute opens in Haryana

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Key Highlights:

  • The National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Jhajjar, Haryana, which is also India’s largest cancer hospital, opened for public service with the formal inauguration to be held in January.

  • The NCI, which is a project under Delhi’s All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) will be headed by Dr G.K. Rath who is also the chief of Institute Rotary Cancer hospital at AIIMS.

  • The doctors have already started the OPDs, the proper functioning of all departments at the NCI will start from January 2019.
Odisha CM announces Rs 10 cr for building Odiya Cultural Centre in Surat

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Key Highlights:

  • Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has announced financial aid of Rs 10 crore for establishment of Odiya Cultural Centre in Gujarat’s Surat for their social celebrations.

  • Speaking at Odisha Mahotsav organised by Odiya Pravasi Samaj residing in Surat, Patnaik said the Odisha government will request the Centre to start a direct flight between Surat and Odisha.

  • Patnaik also requested Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani to allot a land for the establishment of a community centre in Surat to meet the requirements of Odia community for their social celebrations.
Reliance, Saudi Arabia in talks for oil refinery, petrochemical project: Saudi oil minister

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Key Highlights:

  • Saudi oil minister Khalid al-Falih said World’s largest oil exporter Saudi Arabia and richest Indian Mukesh Ambani-run Reliance Industries Ltd are discussing joint investment in petrochemicals and oil refinery projects.

  • Reliance operates two refineries at Jamnagar with a total capacity of 68.2 million tonnes per annum.
DDA new housing scheme: 10,000 flats to be offered in first lot

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Key Highlights:

  • Delhi Development Authority’s (DDA) next housing scheme is likely to be launched in two phases. In the first lot, about 10,000 flats will be offered in.

  • Addressing a press conference, DDA vice chairman Tarun Kapoor said several flats are under construction and by the “next six months, about 25,000 flats would be ready”.

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Binny Bansal seeks $100 mn from Walmart after Flipkart exit

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Key Highlights:

  • Flipkart co-founder Binny Bansal is in talks with Walmart over cash payouts after he resigned from Flipkart as chairman and group CEO last month.

  • After his abrupt exit from Flipkart, Bansal might receive a smaller payment of about $100 million.

  • Walmart acquired about 77 percent of Flipkart in May, for nearly $16 billion in what was the US retail giant's largest-ever deal and a move to take on arch rival Amazon in a key growth market.
Capital First merges with IDFC Bank to create IDFC First Bank

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Key Highlights:

  • New generation private sector IDFC Bank and non-banking financial company Capital First announced completion of their merger on December 18, creating a combined loan asset book of Rs 1.03 lakh crore for the merged entity IDFC First Bank.

  • The merged entity to be called IDFC First Bank, subject to shareholders' approval," the firms said in a joint statement.
RBI study backs view that rates impact short term bonds most

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Key Highlights:

  • Changes to monetary policy have a stronger impact on yields of short-term bonds than on longer-dated securities. That long-held view received an emphatic backing from researchers in the Reserve Bank of India.

  • An empirical study covering moves from April 2004 to March 2018 showed the impact of policy rate on yields weakens as the tenure of the bonds increases.

  • An increase of 100 basis points in the policy rate, increases the yield on 15-91 days maturity treasury bills by around 85 basis points.

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IPL 2019 auction: Varun Chakravarthy and four Indians who attracted highest bids

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Key Highlights:

  • The 2019 Indian Premier League auction belonged to uncapped Indians, with several players striking it rich. The likes of Varun Chakravarthy, Shivam Dube, Prabhsimran Singh and Akshdeep Nath have suddenly come into the big league, after teams splashed fat cheques for their services.

  • Here are five of the most expensive Indians to be sold.

  • The most expensive Indians are Varun Chakravarthy (Kings XI Punjab), Rs 8.4 crore, Jaydev Unadkat (Rajasthan Royals), Rs 8.4 crore, Axar Patel (Delhi Capitals), Rs 5 crore, Shivam Dube (Royal Challengers Bangalore), Rs 5 crore, Mohit Sharma (Chennai Super Kings), Rs 5 crore.
Marathon runner Apoorva Chaudhary sets a national record

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Key Highlights:

  • Apoorva Chaudhary, the 28-year old ultra runner from Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh, created a national record by completing 176.8 km in the women’s 24-hour event at the NEB 24 Hour Stadium Run held at New Delhi under the aegis of Athletics Federation of India.

  • The previous record of 175.4 km was set by Meenal Kotak. Apoorva became the fourth Indian woman to run more than 100 miles (160 km) in 24 hours after Meenal, Hema Saini (172.3 km) and Aparna Choudhary (169.2 km).

  • In the men’s 24-hour run held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium at New Delhi, Pranaya Mohanty from Bengaluru completed 206.8, becoming the third Indian to have crossed the 200 km distance and the first to have achieved it in a stadium race held in India.

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Deepika Padukone named top Indian star of 2018 by IMDb

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Key Highlights:

  • The '2018 Top 10 Stars of Indian Cinema' list, based on global film and TV website Internet Movie Database’s (IMDb) 'StarMeter' stats and page views, was released.

  • Shah Rukh Khan was second on the list, followed by Aamir Khan and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan.
Sonam Kapoor named India's Person of the Year by PETA

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Key Highlights:

  • Actress Sonam Kapoor has been named India’s Person of the Year for 2018, by animal rights organisation People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) for her animal advocacy efforts.

  • Kapoor was named PETA India's Hottest Vegetarian Celebrity in 2016. Past recipients of PETA India's Person of the Year Award include Anushka Sharma, Sunny Leone, Shashi Tharoor, Kapil Sharma, Hema Malini, R. Madhavan and Jacqueline Fernandez.

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Government promotes interim CBI head Nageswara Rao to Additional Director

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Key Highlights:

  • CBI's Joint Director M Nageswara Rao, who is currently the interim CBI Director, was promoted to the rank of Additional Director by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet.

  • The 1986-batch IPS officer from the Odisha cadre had joined the CBI in 2016 and was not considered for the promotion during the review of his batch in April 2018.
Pranab K. Das new CBIC Chairman

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Key Highlights:

  • Senior bureaucrat Pranab Kumar Das has been appointed as Chairman of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC), the apex policy-making body for indirect taxes.

  • Das, Special Secretary and Member (Customs) at CBIC, will succeed S. Ramesh, who superannuates on December 31. Das, a 1983-batch IRS Officer of Customs and Central Excise Cadre was appointed as Member in the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) in 2017.
Centre appoints Madhavi Divan ASG

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Key Highlights:

  • The Central government appointed advocate Madhavi Divan the Additional Solicitor General (ASG). Divan will represent the government in the Supreme Court and will hold office till June 30, 2020. She is the third woman who has been appointed ASG in the apex court.

  • Divan has represented the governments of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in the top court. Senior advocate Indira Jaising was the first woman to be appointed as the ASG, while the second one was Pinky Anand, who still holds the post.

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PM releases book on renowned cartoonist R.K. Laxman

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Key Highlights:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a book “Timeless Laxman”, based on the life and times of legendary cartoonist, the late R.K. Laxman. The book has been penned by cartoonist’s daughter-in-law Usha Srinivas Laxman.

  • Laxman, through the eyes of The Common Man, chronicled Indian social-political history and regaled millions of readers daily in The Times of India and other publications where he worked for nearly seven decades. He passed away in January 2015 in Pune aged 93.

  • Modi who arrived in Mumbai addressed a Republic TV summit, and laid the foundation stones for the Thane and Pune Metros, besides a mega-housing project in Thane.

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Ex-Nepal PM Tulsi Giri passes away

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Key Highlights:

  • Former Nepalese Prime Minister Tulsi Giri passed away in Kathmandu. He was 92. The veteran politician breathed his last in his residence at Budhanilkantha after suffering from liver cancer.

  • Giri was politically active from 1960 to 2005.

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Q1. Assam Government approved to waive off what per cent of loan of farmers of maximum upto Rs.25000 under the state’s Debt Relief Scheme, on 18th December 2018?
    A. 25 % B. 45 % C. 50 % D. 60 % Answer: A

Q2. Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) ordered creation of a 12 member committee of senior officials chaired by _____ for a fresh cadre review and restructuring of the Income Tax Department, on 17th December 2018?
    A. S Ramesh B. S K Dash C. Virendra Singh D. Rahul Dawan Answer: B

Q3. Union Cabinet was apprised of joint issue of postage stamps by India and which country on the theme “125th Year of Mahatma Gandhi’s Pietermaritzburg Station Incident and Birth Centenary of Nelson Mandela”, on 17thDecember 2018?
    A. South Africa B. Australia C. United Kingdom D. United States of America Answer: A

Q4. Union Cabinet approved a MoU signed between India and Australia for cooperation in which field, on 17thDecember 2018?
    A. Maritime Defence B. Disability Sector C. Women Empowerment D. Solar Energy Answer: B

Q5. Union Cabinet approved signing of a MoU between India and _____ on cooperation in Human Resource Development (HRD) which will facilitate students and faculty in that country to use SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active –Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) courses, on 17th December 2018?
    A. Afghanistan B. Nepal C. Sri Lanka D. Myanmar Answer: A

Q6. Union Cabinet approved a MoU between Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI), India and Commissariat a l energieatomique et aux energies alternatives (CEA) and BlueStorage SAS of which country for cooperation in the field of new and renewable energy, on 17th December 2018?
    A. Germany B. Russia C. France D. Spain Answer: C

Q7. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved setting up of Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) in every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20000 tribal persons, at a financial cost of ____ rupees during 2018-19 and 2019-20?
    A. Rs 5678.89 crore B. Rs 2242.03 crore C. Rs 4500.06 crore D. Rs 7878.56 crore Answer: B

Q8. Union Cabinet approved establishment of two new All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Tamil Nadu and Telangana under which scheme on 17th December 2018?
    A. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana B. Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Scheme C. Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana D. Central Government Health Scheme Answer: C

Q9. Name the state that received Geographical Indication (GI) Tag for its sweet delicacy named ‘Silao Khaja’, on 11thDecember 2018?
    A. Assam B. Bihar C. Andhra Pradesh D. West Bengal Answer: B

Q10. Indian Air Force flew India’s first military flight using Blended Bio-Jet Fuel on which aircraft in Chandigarh, on 17th December 2018?
    A. An-32 transport aircraft B. An-49 transport aircraft C. Bn-67 transport aircraft D. Tn-11 transport aircraft Answer: A

Q11. Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Telegraph Act and _____ act, to provide legal backing for seeding of Aadhaar with mobile number and bank accounts as an optional KYC(Know your customer), on 17th December 2018?
    A. Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) B. Right To Information (RTI) Act C. Data Privacy and Protection (DPP) Act D. Customer Information Protection (CIP) Act Answer: A

Q12. The governments of India, Nepal and which other country are planning to form a joint task force that would allow free movement of wildlife across political boundaries and check smuggling of wildlife across the Kanchenjunga Landscape?
    A. Myanmar B. Bhutan C. Bangladesh D. Taiwan Answer: B

Q13. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved construction of a new 4 lane bridge across river Ganga on NH-19 at Patna parallel to existing MG Setu, with a capital cost of _____, on 17th December 2018?
    A. Rs 2926.42 crores B. Rs 5678.99 crores C. Rs 1335.50 crores D. Rs 3400.80 crores Answer: A

Q14. What is the rank of India in the World Economic Forum (WEF)’s Global Gender Gap Report 2018?
    A. 55 B. 27 C. 145 D. 108 Answer: D

Q15. Who was named People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India’s person of the year 2018?
    A. Anushka Sharma B. R Madhavan C. Sachin Tendulkar D. Sonam Kapoor Answer: D

Q16. Name the Indian movie that has been shortlisted for the 91st Oscars 2019 awards, in the Documentary Short Subject category?
    A. Black sheep B. Period. End of Sentence C. Women of the Gulag D. A Nigh at the Garden Answer: B

Q17. Which Oscar-winning Hollywood actor will be awarded the ‘2019 Cecil B. deMille Award’ which is a lifetime achievement award, at the 76th Annual Golden Globe Awards on 6th January 2019 in United States?
    A. Jeff Bridges B. Brad Pitt C. Robert De Niro D. Harrison Ford Answer: A

Q18. Who became the third woman to be appointed the additional solicitor general (ASG) in the Supreme Court, on 18th December 2018?
    A. Indu Malhotra B. Shivani Sircar C. Arushi Sharma D. Madhavi Goradia Divan Answer: D

Q19. India launched _____ system to improve data relay and communication links with its remote sensing earth observation satellites, on 16th December 2018?
    A. Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS) B. Indian Remote Sensing Communication System (IRSCS) C. Indian Satellite Communication System (ISCS) D. Indian Satellite Data Transfer System (ISDTS) Answer: A

Q20. Name the most distant object ever observed in our solar system, that has been discovered by scientists in the United States?
    A. 2018 VG18 B. 2018 SN34 C. 2018 NW23 D. 2018 RT11 Answer: A

Q21. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) research confirms which planet is losing its iconic rings at the maximum rate estimated from Voyager 1 & 2 observations made before several years?
    A. Venus B. Jupiter C. Saturn D. Neptune Answer: C

Q22. Where did Indian Armed Forces inaugurate the Tri Services Cycling and Trekking Expedition, on 17th December 2018?
    A. Jammu and Kashmir B. Arunachal Pradesh C. Meghalaya D. Sikkim Answer: D

Q23. The Corbett Foundation in collaboration with Conservation India and Sanctuary Nature Foundation has launched a campaign to save the bird ‘Great Indian Bustard’. Which Indian state has the largest population of Great Indian Bustard?
    A. Gujarat B. West Bengal C. Rajasthan D. Himachal Pradesh Answer: C

Q24. Which word has been chosen by Merriam-Webster as its 2018 word of the year?
    A. Toxic B. Mis-information C. Justice D. Travel Answer: C

Q25. What was the theme of International Migrants Day 2018 celebrated on December 18, 2018?
    A. Social Inclusion of Migrants B. Migration with Dignity C. Integrity and Respect for Migrants D. Role of Migrants in Social Evolution Answer: B

Q26. When was Minorities Rights Day observed in India?
    A. December 17 B. December 15 C. December 16 D. December 18 Answer: D

Q27. _____ was the theme of World Arabic Language Day 2018 celebrated on 18th December 2018?
    A. Arabic in Science and Technology B. Arabic Language and Youth C. Arabic language and the World D. Uniqueness of Arabic Answer: B

Q28. Geeta Iyengar passed away on 16th December 2018. She was related to which field?
    A. Hindustani Music B. Yoga C. Bharatanatiyam Dance D. Basket Ball Answer: B

Q29. Dr.Tulsi Giri died on 18th December 2018. He was a former two-time prime minister of ____?
    A. Bangladesh B. Sri Lanka C. Nepal D. Maldives Answer: C

Q30. Which Indian state became the first one to have a law against sextortion?
    A. Jammu & Kashmir B. Uttar Pradesh C. West bengal D. Tamil Nadu Answer: A

Q31. Who was appointed as Additional Solicitor General of India in Supreme Court?
    A. Indira Jaising B. Madhavi Divan C. Pinky Anand D. Shikha Ahlawat Answer: B

Q32. Which country recently declared 2019 as ‘Year of Tolerance’?
    A. US B. Israel C. UAE D. Russia Answer: C

Q33. Which country banned all Indian currency notes above Rs 100?
    A. Bhutan B. Sri Lanka C. India D. Nepal Answer: D

Q34. Which nation’s Prime Minister, Charles Michel has resigned over a spat on global compact on migration?
    A. France B. Belgium C. Austria D. Norway Answer: B

Q35. India’s International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) has been rated under which category by US regulator Federal Aviation Administration?
    A. Category 1 B. Category 2 C. Category 4 D. Category 3 Answer: D

Q36. Which among the following blocs has decided to reduce new car emissions by 37.5 per cent by 2030?
    A. SAARC B. ASEAN C. E U D. NATO Answer: C

Q37. Which among the following countries, besides the US, voted against the UN’s Global Compact on Refugees?
    A. Australia B. Sweden C. Finland D. Hungary Answer: D

Q38. When was International Migrants Day observed?
    A. December 16 B. December 17 C. December 18 D. December 19 Answer: C

Q39. Who has been promoted to the post of additional director of CBI?
    A. Santosh Kumar, B. Raghvendra Vatsa C. Nagendra Prasad D. M Nageswara Rao Answer: D
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