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GMAT Vocabulary

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GMAT Vocabulary

GMAT Vocabulary - GMAT High Frequency Words

shape Introduction

GMAT Vocabulary is a collection of most frequently recurring words in the GMAT tests. GMAT Vocabulary is a good resource for individuals working towards enhancing their vocabulary and desiring a satisfied GMAT score. The GMAT vocabulary lists are always very resourceful in mastering English language and communication skills.
GMAT does not test the candidates directly on vocabulary words. However, to obtain a good score in the verbal section, the GMAT vocabulary list is a splendid read.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Actuate (Verb) Put into motion
  • Activate
  • Crank (up)
  • Drive
  • Move
  • Run
  • Set off
  • Cut
  • Cut out
  • Deactivate
  • Kill
  • Shut off
  • Turn off
The lack of sufficient money for the project actuated him to apply for a bank loan to make up the deficiency.
Adjudicate (Verb) Make a formal judgement on a disputed matter.
  • Judge
  • Adjudge
  • Try
  • Hear
  • Examine
  • Hesitate
  • Defer
  • Dodge
  • Ignore
We asked him to adjudicate at the local flower show.
Arbitration (Noun) Giving authoritative judgment
  • Adjudication
  • Mediation
  • Mediatorship
  • Negotiation
  • Conciliation
  • Disagreement
  • Indecision
Tayside Regional Council called for arbitration to settle the dispute.
Annulment (Noun) The act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation.
  • Invalidation
  • Nullification
  • Voiding
  • Approval
  • Confirmation
  • Establishment
  • Enactment
The applicant sought the annulment of the decision.
Assertion (Noun) A confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
  • Declaration
  • Contention
  • Statement
  • Claim
  • Desertion
  • Quiet
His assertion that his father had deserted the family.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Benefactor (Noun) A gift giver
  • Patron
  • Benefactress
  • Supporter
  • Backer
  • Opponent
  • Antagonist
A low-interest loan from a benefactor allowed them to build a floor for the exhibition hall.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Clientele (Noun) One's customers
  • Audience
  • Constituency
  • Business
  • Management
  • Ownership
Since the bank was located on the outskirts of the city, its clientele primarily consisted of villagers living in nearby villages.
Contention (Noun) Heated disagreement
  • Disagreement
  • Dispute
  • Disputation
  • Argument
  • Accord
  • Agreement
  • Harmony
  • Peace
The captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries.
Collusion (Noun) Secret or illegal cooperation or conspiracy in order to deceive others.
  • Conspiracy
  • Connivance
  • Complicity
  • Intrigue
  • Honesty
The armed forces were working in collusion with drug traffickers.
Condemnation (Noun)
  • The expression of very strong disapproval
  • Censure
  • Censure
  • Criticism
  • Castigation
  • Stricture
  • Approval
  • Compliment
  • Endorsement
  • Praise
  • Sanction
There was strong international condemnation of the attack.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Dastard (Noun) A dis-honourable or despicable man.
  • Cad
  • Chicken
  • Craven
  • Poltroon
  • Hero
  • Stalwart
  • Valiant
The villain of the story is a dastard indeed.
Decomposition (Noun) The state or process of rotting; decay.
  • Decay
  • Rotting
  • Going bad
  • Putrefaction
  • Connection
  • Unification
  • Combination
  • Development
The decomposition of organic waste.
Degrade (Verb) Treat or regard (someone) with contempt or disrespect.
  • Demean
  • Debase
  • Cheapen
  • Devalue
  • Prostitute
  • Aid
  • Assist
  • Develop
  • Enhance
She thought that many supposedly erotic pictures degraded women.
Demented (Adj) Behaving irrationally due to anger, distress, or excitement.
  • Mad
  • Insane
  • Deranged
  • Balanced
  • Rational
  • Reasonable
  • Sane
The wild, crazy way in which the old man behaved with others suggested that he had probably become demented and was a case fit for a psychiatrist.
Demise (Noun) A person's death.
  • Death
  • Dying
  • Passing
  • Accomplishment
  • Beginning
  • Rise
  • Start
Professor Dinkar's demise at this critical time has come as a big loss to our college, which had not yet recovered from the Principal's death.
Despise (Verb) A strong dislike
  • Detest
  • Hate
  • Loathe
  • Abominate
  • Accept
  • Admire
  • Adore
Mrs. Liberty really despised the restrictions put on her freedom by her orthodox husband, who never relished the idea of women going out.
Disarm (Verb) Make friendly.
  • Deactivate
  • Demilitarize
  • Demobilize
  • Disband
  • Aid
  • Allow
  • Assist
His tact and political skills will disarm critics.
Douse (Verb) Drench
  • Soak
  • Saturate
  • Dehydrate
  • Dry
The police report said that the victim was doused with petrol all over his body before being set afire by the violent mob.
Drawn (Verb) Tense.
  • Worn
  • Pinched
  • Haggard
  • Gaunt
  • Fresh
  • Relaxed
  • Unstressed
Cathy was pale and drawn and she looked tired out.
Dupe (Verb) One who is easily deceived or used, to deceive or trick.
  • Deceive
  • Trick
  • Hoodwink
  • Hoax
  • Cognizant
Since Mauji Nath has already been duped by these fly-by-night operators several times, he is not ready to touch these schemes even with a barge pole.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Eminent (Adj) Standing above.
  • Illustrious
  • Distinguished
  • Renowned
  • Common
  • Inconspicuous
  • Inferior
One of the world's most eminent statisticians.
Entity (Noun) A complete thing.
  • Organization
  • Institution
  • Establishment
  • Body
  • Abstract
  • Inanimate
The Lok Dal became a separate political entity once it was recognized as an independent political party by the Election Commission.
Episode (Noun) Incident
  • Incident
  • Event
  • Occurrence
  • Happening
  • Whole
The entire episode of the US furiously searching for Osama bin Laden exemplifies the fact that it has acted only when its own house was set on fire.
Expedite (Verb) Hasten
  • Accelerate
  • Assist
  • Facilitate
  • Hasten
  • Delay
  • Hinder
  • Hurt
He promised to expedite economic reforms.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Fanatic (Noun) A person filled with excessive and single-minded zeal, especially for an extreme religious or political cause.
  • Zealot
  • Extremist
  • Militant
  • Devotee
  • Conservative
  • Moderate
It is the religious fanatics who interpret religion in a narrow sense, and are eager to create communal trouble.
Fantasy (Noun) Illusion.
  • Imagination
  • Creativity
  • Fancy
  • Invention
  • Actuality
  • Certainty
  • Fact
His researches had moved into the realms of fantasy.
Fauna (Noun) Animal life
  • Animal group
  • Animal life
  • Flora
The toxic wastes released by the factory into the river are playing havoc with the fauna flourishing in the river-only last week there were reports of many fish and other aquatic animals dying due to excessive pollution.
Feline (Adjective) Relating to or affecting cats or other members of the cat family.
  • Cheetah
  • Civet
  • Jaguar
  • Canine
  • Doggy
  • Doggish
Walking stealthily is one of the major feline traits, while being able to sense even the slightest sound is the exclusive preserve of dogs.
Fiat (Noun)
  • A formal authorization or proposition
  • A decree
  • Authorization
  • Command
  • Denial
  • Disapproval
The High Court has issued a fiat to attach his property in the event of his failure to pay up the fine prescribed by it.
Florescent (Adj) Blooming.
  • Flourishing
  • Flowering
  • Abloom
  • Blighted
  • Bloomless
The florescent plants withered in the month of March and we will have new flowers only in October.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Grave (Noun) A hole dug in the ground to receive a coffin or dead body, typically marked by a stone or mound.
  • Dignified
  • Dull
  • Earnest
  • Heavy
  • Agitated
  • Boisterous
  • Excited
I shall never recommend this course of action, at least in your case, as it is beset with grave dangers.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Honorarium (Noun) A Payment.
  • Compensation
  • Gratuity
  • Pay
  • payment
  • Penalty
  • Boisterous
  • Excited
The NGO being a non-profit organization, could not afford to give him a decent salary; what all they could give him was a small honorarium in recognition of his services.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Ignite (Verb) To set afire.
  • Burn
  • Flare up
  • Inflame
  • Cool
  • Extinguish
Furniture can give off lethal fumes when it ignites.
Impel (Verb) Drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.
  • Compel
  • Induce
  • Oblige
  • Hinder
  • Calm
  • Check
Financial difficulties impelled him to desperate measures.
Imperative (Adj) Requirement
  • Compulsory
  • Critical
  • Crucial
  • Essential
  • Inessential
  • Insignificant
  • Nonessential
The bell pealed again, a final imperative call.
Infrequent (Adj)
  • Not occurring often
  • Rare
  • Rare
  • Uncommon
  • Unusual
  • Exceptional
  • Common
  • Constant
  • Frequent
His not-so-infrequent foreign visits, which belie his claim that he did not enough money even to travel in India, must have resulted in so many entries on his passport.
Inference (Noun) A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.
  • Deduction
  • Conclusion
  • Reasoning
  • Conjecture
  • Fact
  • Proof
  • Reality
Researchers are entrusted with drawing inferences from the data.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Juggernaut (Noun) A huge, powerful, and overwhelming force.
  • Barrage
  • Cavalcade
The juggernaut of public expenditure.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Leech (Noun) parasite.
  • Barnacle
  • Bloodsucker
  • Bumstar
  • Benefactor
  • Philanthropist
They are leeches feeding off the hard-working majority.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Minute (Noun) A period of time equal to sixty seconds or a sixtieth of an hour.
  • Infinitesimal
  • Insignificant
  • Microscopic
  • Minimal
  • Big
  • Huge
  • Large
Even a minute particle of dust in the engine can lead to an explosion in the launch of a rocket.
Momentous (Adj) Of great importance or significance, especially in having a bearing on future events.
  • Important
  • Significant
  • Epoch-making
  • Historic
  • Inconsequential
  • Meaningless
  • Insignificant
A period of momentous changes in East–West relations.
Monologue (Noun) A long speech by one actor in a play or film, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast programme.
  • Soliloquy
  • Speech
  • Address
  • Lecture
  • Quiet
  • Silence
He was reciting some of the great monologues of Shakespeare.
Maintain (Verb) Cause or enable (a condition or situation) to continue.
  • Continue
  • Keep
  • Preserve
  • Conserve
  • Abandon
  • Destroy
  • Discontinue
The need to maintain close links between industry and schools.
Mitigate (Verb) Make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
  • Alleviate
  • Reduce
  • Diminish
  • Lessen
  • Aggravate
  • Agitate
  • Extend
Drainage schemes have helped to mitigate this problem.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Nocturnal (Adj) Done at night.
  • Nightly
  • Nighttime
  • Daytime
  • Diurnal
Most owls are nocturnal.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Oblivious (Adj) Not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one.
  • Unaware
  • Unconscious
  • Heedless
  • Unmindful
  • Attentive
  • Aware
She became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time.
Opiate (Adj) Relating to, resembling, or containing opium.
  • Narcotic
  • Opium
  • Sedative
  • Tranquilizer
  • Stimulant
  • Flabbergast
The use of opiate drugs.
Ordinance (Noun) An authoritative order.
  • Edict
  • Decree
  • Law
  • Injunction
  • Fiat
  • Disorganization
  • Lawlessness
  • Veto
His strict observance of religious ordinances was no doubt quickened by the remorse he felt.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Parochial (Adj) Relating to a Church parish.
  • Insular
  • Petty
  • Sectarian
  • Broad-minded
The parochial church council.
Paucity (Noun) The presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.
  • Dearth
  • Insufficiency
  • Smallness
  • Sufficiency
  • Abundance
A paucity of information.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Quarantine (Noun) A state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.
  • Detention
  • Lazaretto
  • Freedom
Many animals die in quarantine.
Quench (Verb) Satisfy (one's thirst) by drinking.
  • Dampen
  • Douse
  • Quash
  • Quell
  • Snuff out
  • Dry
  • Encourage
Firemen hauled on hoses in a desperate bid to quench the flames.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Radical (Adj) (Especially of change or action) relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough.
  • Thoroughgoing
  • Thorough
  • Complete
  • Total
  • Entire
  • Inessential
  • Minor
  • Secondary
A radical overhaul of the existing regulatory framework.
Recompense (Verb)
  • Make amends to (someone) for loss or harm suffered.
  • Compensate.
  • Compensate
  • Indemnify
  • Repay
  • Reimburse
  • Dissatisfaction
  • Penalty
Offenders should recompense their victims.
Recover (Verb) Return to a normal state of health, mind, or strength.
  • Get back
  • Reclaim
  • Recoup
  • Regain
  • Break
  • Damage
  • Destroy
Neil is still recovering from shock.
Regimen (Noun) A prescribed course of medical treatment, diet, or exercise for the promotion or restoration of health.
  • Menu
  • Procedure
  • Regime
A regimen of one or two injections per day.
Reinforce (Verb) Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
  • Add to
  • Bolster
  • Boost
  • Build up
  • Decrease
  • Diminish
  • Discourage
The helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Scamper (Verb) To go quickly.
  • Scurry
  • Scuttle
  • Dart
  • Run
  • Rush
  • Dawdle
  • Slow
  • Wait
As soon as the news of a fire on the third floor spread, the workers scampered down the stairs in haste.
Scheme (Noun) A large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object or putting a particular idea into effect.
  • Arrangement
  • Blueprint
  • Design
  • Device
  • Disorder
  • Disorganization
The occupational sick pay scheme.
Sibling (Noun)
  • Each of two or more children or offspring having one or both parents in common
  • A brother or sister.
  • Brother
  • Relative
  • Sister
  • Stranger
  • Cousin
The birth of a sibling is a stressful event in the life of a child.
Simile (Noun) An explicit comparison.
  • Analogy
  • Metaphor
  • Dissimilarity
  • Variety
His audacious deployment of simile and metaphor.
Situate (Verb) Fix or build (something) in a certain place or position.
  • Locate
  • Site
  • Set
  • Place
  • Confuse
  • Unsettle
  • Change
The pilot light is usually situated at the front of the boiler.
Smug (Adj) Having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one's achievements.
  • Complacent
  • Egotistical
  • Pompous
  • Humble
  • Modest
  • Unhappy
He was feeling smug after his win.
Snatch (Verb) Quickly seize (something) in a rude or eager way.
  • Snippet
  • Bit
  • Fragment
  • Whole
She snatched a biscuit from the plate.
Sobriety (Noun) The state of being sober.
  • Abstemiousness
  • Continence
  • Moderation
  • Self-restraint
  • Intemperance
  • Wildness
The price of beer compelled me to maintain a certain level of sobriety
Speculative (Adj) Engaged in, expressing, or based on conjecture rather than knowledge.
  • Analytical
  • Dangerous
  • Experimental
  • Hypothetical
  • Proven
  • Safe
The bonuses cannot be put at risk due to some speculative investment.
Stout (Adj) Short and fat
  • Burly
  • Portly
  • Plump
  • Thin
  • Lean
  • Skinny
Billy had armed himself with a stout stick.
Suborn (Verb) Bribe or otherwise induce (someone) to commit an unlawful act such as perjury.
  • Bribe
  • Incite
  • Instigate
He was accused of conspiring to suborn witnesses.
Succor (Noun) Assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.
  • Sustenance
  • Help
  • Aid
  • Blockage
  • Hindrance
  • Hurt
The wounded had little chance of succor.
Sufficient (Adj)
  • Enough
  • Adequate
  • Acceptable
  • Ample
  • Plentiful
  • Satisfactory
  • Insufficient
  • Meager
  • Unacceptable
He had a small private income which was sufficient for her needs.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Tact (Noun) Skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues.
  • Sensitivity
  • Understanding
  • Thoughtfulness
  • Consideration
  • Carelessness
  • Agitation
  • Bad manners
The inspector broke the news to me with tact and consideration.
Temper (Noun) A person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm.
  • Temperament
  • Disposition
  • Nature
  • Character
  • Body
  • Happiness
  • Upset
He rushed out in a very bad temper.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Utterance (Noun) A spoken word, statement, or vocal sound.
  • Remark
  • Comment
  • Word
  • Expression
  • Statement
  • Listening
  • Question
  • Quiet
He whispered, as if to lend his utterances an added confidentiality.
Undermine (Verb) Erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation).
  • Blunt
  • Cripple
  • Erode
  • Frustrate
  • Aid
  • Assist
  • Build
The flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Vouch (Verb) Assert or confirm as a result of one's own experience the truth or accuracy of (something).
  • Affirm
  • Assert
  • Asseverate
  • Assure
  • Avert
  • Break
  • Condemn
  • Contradict
  • Deny
The explosive used is of my own formulation, and I can vouch for its efficiency.
Word Meaning Synonyms Antonyms Example
Warranted (Verb) Justify or necessitate (a course of action).
  • Guarantee
  • Affirm
  • Swear
  • Promise
  • Vow
  • Prohibition
  • Refusal
  • Veto
The employees feel that industrial action is warranted.