The body section could be divided into 2-3 paragraphs or sometimes, even more, depending on the need of the topic. Every paragraph contains an opening statement which describes the writer’s point of view about the area of study. The writer usually answers the first question on the provided topic. For instance – “Vertical expansion of urban areas – Identify challenges and suggest solutions”. In such a topic, the writer usually covers challenges in the first paragraph of the body. The opening sentence of every paragraph in the body contains details about the subtopic that is “Challenges” in this case.
Vertical expansion poses the risk of high population density which demands parallel development of other infrastructural sectors like roads, transportation and healthcare.
The opening sentence is followed by either a supporting sentence or an additional challenge. The next statement ideally would state a few examples to prove the presented opinion or point of view. It is important to have a closing statement or a linking statement before moving on to the next paragraph. In case of a 2-point essay topic, usually, each paragraph ends with a closing statement for the discussed topic in the corresponding paragraph. However, in an essay of Effects and causes type might need a linking statement to allow the second paragraph to flow.